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dc.contributor.authorHow, Penelope
dc.contributor.authorSchild, Kristin M.
dc.contributor.authorBenn, Douglas I.
dc.contributor.authorNoormets, Riko
dc.contributor.authorKirchner, Nina
dc.contributor.authorLuckman, Adrian
dc.contributor.authorVallot, Dorothée
dc.contributor.authorHulton, Nicholas R.J.
dc.contributor.authorBorstad, Chris
dc.identifier.citationHow , P , Schild , K M , Benn , D I , Noormets , R , Kirchner , N , Luckman , A , Vallot , D , Hulton , N R J & Borstad , C 2019 , ' Calving controlled by melt-under-cutting : detailed calving styles revealed through time-lapse observations ' , Annals of Glaciology , vol. First View .
dc.identifier.otherPURE: 257989634
dc.identifier.otherPURE UUID: aed7fd3e-cc57-40a2-8deb-4788ec464af0
dc.identifier.otherScopus: 85060785125
dc.identifier.otherWOS: 000469785700004
dc.identifier.otherORCID: /0000-0002-3604-0886/work/64697383
dc.descriptionThis work is affiliated with the CRIOS project (Calving Rates and Impact On Sea Level), which was supported by the Conoco Phillips-Lundin Northern Area Program. PH is funded by a NERC PhD studentship (reference number 1396698).en
dc.description.abstractWe present a highly detailed study of calving dynamics at Tunabreen, a tidewater glacier in Svalbard. A time-lapse camera was trained on the terminus and programmed to capture images every 3 seconds over a 28-hour period in August 2015, producing a highly detailed record of 34 117 images from which 358 individual calving events were distinguished. Calving activity is characterised by frequent events (12.8 events h-1) that are small relative to the spectrum of calving events observed, demonstrating the prevalence of small-scale calving mechanisms. Five calving styles were observed, with a high proportion of calving events (82%) originating at, or above, the waterline. The tidal cycle plays a key role in the timing of calving events, with 68% occurring on the falling limb of the tide. Calving activity is concentrated where meltwater plumes surface at the glacier front, and a ∼ 5 m undercut at the base of the glacier suggests that meltwater plumes encourage melt-under-cutting. We conclude that frontal ablation at Tunabreen may be paced by submarine melt rates, as suggested from similar observations at glaciers in Svalbard and Alaska. Using submarine melt rate to calculate frontal ablation would greatly simplify estimations of tidewater glacier losses in prognostic models.
dc.relation.ispartofAnnals of Glaciologyen
dc.rightsCopyright © The Author(s) 2019. This is an Open Access article, distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution licence (, which permits unrestricted re-use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.en
dc.subjectArctic glaciologyen
dc.subjectGlacier calvingen
dc.subjectIce dynamicsen
dc.subjectIce/ocean interactionsen
dc.subjectGE Environmental Sciencesen
dc.subjectEarth-Surface Processesen
dc.titleCalving controlled by melt-under-cutting : detailed calving styles revealed through time-lapse observationsen
dc.typeJournal articleen
dc.description.versionPublisher PDFen
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of St Andrews.School of Geography & Sustainable Developmenten
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of St Andrews.Bell-Edwards Geographic Data Instituteen
dc.description.statusPeer revieweden

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