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dc.contributor.authorHinnebusch, Raymond
dc.contributor.editorGillespie, Richard
dc.contributor.editorVolpi, Frederic
dc.identifier.citationHinnebusch , R 2017 , From imperialism to failed liberal peace : how Europe contributed to MENA's failing states system and how MENA blowback threatens Europe . in R Gillespie & F Volpi (eds) , Routledge Handbook of Mediterranean Politics . Routledge Taylor & Francis Group , Abingdon , pp. 60-71 .en
dc.identifier.otherPURE: 251028218
dc.identifier.otherPURE UUID: 955a8fa6-0d25-4c7a-9198-05e24316f4ec
dc.identifier.otherORCID: /0000-0001-5800-6606/work/60630211
dc.description.abstractThe Middle East and North Africa area was profoundly shaped under European imperialism, especially by the “peace to end all peace” imposed after WWI; the Euro-Mediterranean partnership was designed to deal with the long term consequence: a dysfunctional regional states system. It would establish a liberal peace on Europe’s Mediterranean borders via the export of economic and political reform, via soft rather than hard power, through the spread of norms by example quite different from the failed US attempt at military hegemony. Despite Europe’s benign self-image, the distinction between the European and American projects was only ever one of degree. First, the asymmetric hub-and-spokes system the Euro-Med project created reproduced the power imbalance between core and periphery and enabled the resulting arrangements to serve European interests first. Second, the incongruence between Europe’s export of neo-liberalism (with its associated inequalities and deconstruction of the social contrast in MENA states) and the attempted export of “democracy,” which helped de-legitimize MENA states, was exposed by the Arab Uprising, which helped create a MENA states system of failed or more repressive states, rather than a liberal peace. Europe reaped what it sowed in the form of massive refugee flows, terrorism and instability. What went wrong?
dc.publisherRoutledge Taylor & Francis Group
dc.relation.ispartofRoutledge Handbook of Mediterranean Politicsen
dc.rights© 2017, Publisher / the Author. This work has been made available online in accordance with the publisher’s policies. This is the author created accepted version manuscript following peer review and as such may differ slightly from the final published version. The final published version of this work is available at
dc.subjectJZ International relationsen
dc.subjectSDG 16 - Peace, Justice and Strong Institutionsen
dc.titleFrom imperialism to failed liberal peace : how Europe contributed to MENA's failing states system and how MENA blowback threatens Europeen
dc.typeBook itemen
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of St Andrews. School of International Relationsen

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