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Phospholipase A1 (PLA1) is an enzyme that hydrolyzes phospholipids and produces 2-acyl-lysophospholipids and fatty acids. This lipolytic activity is conserved in a wide range of organisms but is carried out by a diverse set of PLA1 enzymes. Where their function is known, PLA1s have been shown to act as digestive enzymes, possess central roles in membrane maintenance and remodeling, or regulate important cellular mechanisms by the production of various lysophospholipid mediators, such as lysophosphatidylserine and lysophosphatidic acid, which in turn have multiple biological functions.
Richmond , G S & Smith , T K 2011 , ' Phospholipases A 1 ' International Journal of Molecular Sciences , vol 12 , no. 1 , pp. 588-612 . DOI: 10.3390/ijms12010588
International Journal of Molecular Sciences
© 2011 by the authors; licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/).
Research in the author's laboratory is supported in part by a Wellcome Trust Senior Research Fellowship (067441), and Wellcome Trust project grants (086658 and 093228) and a Wellcome Trust Prize Studentship (G.S.R).
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