Applications of ordered mesoporous metal oxides : energy storage, adsorption, and catalysis
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The experimental data and results demonstrated here illustrate the preparation and application of mesoporous metal oxides in energy storage, adsorption, and catalysis. First, a new method of controlling the pore size and wall thickness of mesoporous silica was developed by controlling the calcination temperature. A series of such silica were used as hard templates to prepare the mesoporous metal oxide Co₃O₄. Using other methods, such as varying the silica template hydrothermal treatment temperature, using colloid silica, varying the materials ratio etc., a series of mesoporous β-MnO₂ with different pore size and wall thickness were prepared. By using these materials it has been possible to explore the influence of pore size and wall thickness on the rate of lithium intercalation into mesoporous electrode. There is intense interest in lithium intercalation into titanates due to their potential advantages (safety, rate) replacing graphite for new generation Li-ion battery. After the preparation of an ordered 3D mesoporous anatase the lithium intercalation as anode material has been investigated. To the best of our knowledge, there are no reports of ordered crystalline mesoporous metal oxides with microporous walls. Here, for the first time, the preparation and characterization of three dimensional ordered crystalline mesoporous α-MnO₂ with microporous wall was described, in which K+ and KIT-6 mesoporous silica act to template the micropores and mesopores, respectively. It was used as a cathode material for Li-ion battery. Its adsorption behavior and magnetic property was also surveyed. Following this we described the preparation and characterization of mesoporous CuO and reduced Cu[subscript(x)]O, and demonstrated their application in NO adsorption and delivery. Finally a series of crystalline mesoporous metal oxides were prepared and evaluated as catalysts for the CO oxidation.
Thesis, PhD Doctor of Philosophy
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