Highly emissive excitons with reduced exchange energy in thermally activated delayed fluorescent molecules
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Unlike conventional thermally activated delayed fluorescence chromophores, boron-centered azatriangulene-like molecules combine a small excited-state singlet-triplet energy gap with high oscillator strengths and minor reorganization energies. Here, using highly correlated quantum-chemical calculations, we report this is driven by short-range reorganization of the electron density taking place upon electronic excitation of these multi-resonant structures. Based on this finding, we design a series of π-extended boron- and nitrogen-doped nanographenes as promising candidates for efficient thermally activated delayed fluorescence emitters with concomitantly decreased singlet-triplet energy gaps, improved oscillator strengths and core rigidity compared to previously reported structures, permitting both emission color purity and tunability across the visible spectrum.
Pershin , A , Hall , D , Lemaur , V , Sancho-Garcia , J-C , Muccioli , L , Zysman-Colman , E , Beljonne , D & Olivier , Y 2019 , ' Highly emissive excitons with reduced exchange energy in thermally activated delayed fluorescent molecules ' Nature Communications , vol. 10 , 597 . https://doi.org/10.1038/s41467-019-08495-5
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DescriptionThe work was supported by the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation program under Grant Agreement N°. 646176 (EXTMOS project). A.P. acknowledges the financial support from the Marie Curie Fellowship (MILORD project, N°. 748042). Computational resources have been provided by the Consortium des Équipements de Calcul Intensif (CÉCI), funded by the Fonds de la Recherche Scientifiques de Belgique (F.R.S.-FNRS) under Grant No. 2.5020.11, as well as the Tier-1 supercomputer of the Fédération Wallonie-Bruxelles, infrastructure funded by the Walloon Region under the grant agreement n1117545. The St Andrews team would like to thank the Leverhulme Trust (RPG-2016-047) and EPSRC (EP/P010482/1) for financial support.
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