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dc.contributor.authorHitchcock, Caitlin
dc.contributor.authorRodrigues, Evangeline
dc.contributor.authorRees, Catrin
dc.contributor.authorGormley, Siobhan
dc.contributor.authorDritschel, Barbara
dc.contributor.authorDalgleish, Tim
dc.identifier.citationHitchcock , C , Rodrigues , E , Rees , C , Gormley , S , Dritschel , B & Dalgleish , T 2019 , ' Misremembrance of things past : depression is associated with difficulties in the recollection of both specific and categoric autobiographical memories ' , Clinical Psychological Science , vol. 7 , no. 4 , pp. 693-700 .
dc.identifier.otherPURE: 256938922
dc.identifier.otherPURE UUID: 6f349704-45df-4cad-8a3b-1622aa260061
dc.identifier.otherScopus: 85062511128
dc.identifier.otherWOS: 000475453300003
dc.identifier.otherORCID: /0000-0002-0909-6323/work/64698233
dc.descriptionFunding was provided by the UK Medical Research Council.en
dc.description.abstractImpaired retrieval of specific, autobiographical memories of personally experienced events is characteristic of major depressive disorder (MDD). However, findings in subclinical samples suggest that the reduced specificity phenomenon may reflect a broader impairment in the deliberate retrieval of all autobiographical memory types. This experiment (N=68) explored this possibility by requiring individuals with and without MDD to complete a cued-recall task which required retrieval of specific, single-incident memories to a block of cues, retrieval of categoric, general memories to a block of cues, and to alternate between retrieval of specific and general memories for a block of cues. Results demonstrated that relative to never-depressed controls, individuals with MDD experience reduced recall of both specific (d=0.48) and general memories (d=1.00), along with reduced flexibility in alternating between specific and general memories (d=0.90). Findings support further development of autobiographical memory-based interventions which target a range of retrieval deficits, rather than specificity alone.
dc.relation.ispartofClinical Psychological Scienceen
dc.rightsCopyright © The Author(s) 2019. This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License ( which permits any use, reproduction and distribution of the work without further permission provided the original work is attributed as specified on the SAGE and Open Access pages (
dc.subjectAssessment and interventionen
dc.subjectAutobiographical memoryen
dc.subjectOpen dataen
dc.subjectOpen materialsen
dc.subjectBF Psychologyen
dc.titleMisremembrance of things past : depression is associated with difficulties in the recollection of both specific and categoric autobiographical memoriesen
dc.typeJournal articleen
dc.description.versionPublisher PDFen
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of St Andrews.Institute of Behavioural and Neural Sciencesen
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of St Andrews.School of Psychology and Neuroscienceen
dc.description.statusPeer revieweden

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