Integration of atomically thin layers of transition metal dichalcogenides into high-Q, monolithic Bragg-cavities : an experimental platform for the enhancement of optical interaction in 2D-materials
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We demonstrate a new approach to integrate single layer MoSe2 and WSe2 flakes into monolithic all-dielectric planar high-quality micro-cavities. These distributed-Bragg-reflector (DBR) cavities may, e.g., be tuned to match the exciton resonance of the 2D-materials. They are highly robust and compatible with cryogenic and room-temperature operation. The integration is achieved by a customized ion-assisted physical vapor deposition technique, which does not degrade the optical properties of the 2D-materials. The monolithic 2D-resonator is shown to have a high Q-factor in excess of 4500. We use photoluminescence (PL) experiments to demonstrate that the coating procedure with a SiO2 coating on a prepared surface does not significantly alter the electrooptical properties of the 2D-materials. Moreover, we observe a resonance induced modification of the PL-spectrum for the DBR embedded flake. Our system thus represents a versatile platform to resonantly enhance and tailor light-matter-interaction in 2D-materials. The gentle processing conditions would also allow the integration of other sensitive materials into these highly resonant structures.
Knopf , H , Lundt , N , Bucher , T , Höfling , S , Tongay , S , Taniguchi , T , Watanabe , K , Staude , I , Schulz , U , Schneider , C & Eilenberger , F 2019 , ' Integration of atomically thin layers of transition metal dichalcogenides into high-Q, monolithic Bragg-cavities : an experimental platform for the enhancement of optical interaction in 2D-materials ' , Optical Materials Express , vol. 9 , no. 2 , pp. 598-610 . https://doi.org/10.1364/OME.9.000598
Optical Materials Express
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