A review of unmanned vehicles for the detection and monitoring of marine fauna
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Recent technology developments have turned present-day unmanned systems into realistic alternatives to traditional marine animal survey methods. Benefits include longer survey durations, improved mission safety, mission repeatability, and reduced operational costs. We review the present status of unmanned vehicles suitable for marine animal monitoring conducted in relation to industrial offshore activities, highlighting which systems are suitable for three main monitoring types: population, mitigation, and focal animal monitoring. We describe the technical requirements for each of these monitoring types and discuss the operational aspects. The selection of a specific sensor/platform combination depends critically on the target species and its behaviour. The technical specifications of unmanned platforms and sensors also need to be selected based on the surrounding conditions of a particular offshore project, such as the area of interest, the survey requirements and operational constraints.
Verfuss , U K , Aniceto , A S , Harris , D V , Gillespie , D , Fielding , S , Jiménez , G , Johnston , P , Sinclair , R R , Sivertsen , A , Solbø , S A , Storvold , R , Biuw , M & Wyatt , R 2019 , ' A review of unmanned vehicles for the detection and monitoring of marine fauna ' , Marine Pollution Bulletin , vol. 140 , pp. 17-29 . https://doi.org/10.1016/j.marpolbul.2019.01.009
Marine Pollution Bulletin
Copyright © 2019 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Ltd. This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/BY-NC-ND/4.0/).
DescriptionThis work was supported by the Joint Industry Programme on E&P Sound and Marine Life - Phase III. We would also like to thank the Research Centre for Arctic Exploration (ARCEx), funded by the Research Council of Norway (project #228107).
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