Temperature-driven biodiversity change : disentangling space and time
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Temperature regimes have multiple spatial and temporal dimensions that have different impacts on biodiversity. Signatures of warming across these dimensions may contribute uniquely to the large-scale species redistributions and abundance changes that underpin community dynamics. A comprehensive review of the literature reveals that 86% of studies were focused on community responses to temperature aggregated over spatial or temporal dimensions (e.g., mean, median, or extremes). Therefore, the effects of temperature variation in space and time on biodiversity remain generally unquantified. In the present article, we argue that this focus on aggregated temperature measures may limit advancing our understanding of how communities are being altered by climate change. In light of this, we map the cause-and-effect pathways between the different dimensions of temperature change and communities in space and time. A broadened focus, shifted toward a multidimensional perspective of temperature, will allow better interpretation and prediction of biodiversity change and more robust management and conservation strategies.
Waldock , C , Dornelas , M & Bates , A E 2018 , ' Temperature-driven biodiversity change : disentangling space and time ' , Bioscience , vol. 68 , no. 11 , pp. 873-884 . https://doi.org/10.1093/biosci/biy096
Copyright © The Author(s) 2018. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the American Institute of Biological Sciences. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted reuse, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
DescriptionCW was supported by the Natural Environmental Research Council (grant no. NE/L002531/1). AEB is supported by the Canada Research Chairs program. MD is grateful for support through Scottish Funding Council's (Marine Alliance for Science and Technology for Scotland grant no. HR09011), the European Research Council grant nos. AdG-250189 (BioTIME) and PoC-727440 (BioCHANGE).
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