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dc.contributor.authorBerthet, Mélissa
dc.contributor.authorNeumann, Christof
dc.contributor.authorMesbahi, Geoffrey
dc.contributor.authorCäsar Damas, Cristiane
dc.contributor.authorZuberbuhler, Klaus
dc.identifier.citationBerthet , M , Neumann , C , Mesbahi , G , Cäsar Damas , C & Zuberbuhler , K 2018 , ' Contextual encoding in titi monkey alarm call sequences ' , Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology , vol. 72 , 8 .
dc.identifier.otherPURE: 251694461
dc.identifier.otherPURE UUID: d6f9f84f-877e-4364-ba46-b7242227d58d
dc.identifier.otherScopus: 85039047121
dc.identifier.otherWOS: 000423855300011
dc.identifier.otherORCID: /0000-0001-8378-088X/work/64360663
dc.descriptionOur research was funded by the European Research Council under the European Union's Seventh Framework Programme (FP7/2007-2013) / ERC grant agreement n° 283871. We acknowledge further funding from the University of Neuchâtel and logistic support from the Santuário do Caraça.en
dc.description.abstractMany primates produce one type of alarm call to a broad range of events, usually terrestrial predators and non-predatory situations, which raises questions about whether primate alarm calls should be considered “functionally referential”. A recent example is black-fronted titi monkeys, Callicebus nigrifrons, which emit sequences of B-calls to terrestrial predators or when moving towards or near the ground. In this study, we reassess the context-specificity of these utterances, focussing both on their acoustic and sequential structure. We found that B-calls could be differentiated into context-specific acoustic variants (terrestrial predators vs. ground-related movements) and that call sequences to predators had a more regular sequential structure than ground-related sequences. Overall, these findings suggest that the acoustic and temporal structure of titi monkey call sequences discriminate between predator and non-predatory events, fulfilling the production criterion of functional reference.
dc.relation.ispartofBehavioral Ecology and Sociobiologyen
dc.rights© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2017. This work has been made available online in accordance with the publisher’s policies. This is the author created, accepted version manuscript following peer review and may differ slightly from the final published version. The final published version of this work is available at
dc.subjectCallicebus nigrifronsen
dc.subjectTiti monkeyen
dc.subjectAlarm callen
dc.subjectAcoustic varianten
dc.subjectContext specificityen
dc.subjectH Social Sciencesen
dc.subjectQH301 Biologyen
dc.subjectRC0321 Neuroscience. Biological psychiatry. Neuropsychiatryen
dc.titleContextual encoding in titi monkey alarm call sequencesen
dc.typeJournal articleen
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of St Andrews. School of Psychology and Neuroscienceen
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of St Andrews. Institute of Behavioural and Neural Sciencesen
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of St Andrews. Centre for Social Learning & Cognitive Evolutionen
dc.description.statusPeer revieweden

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