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dc.contributor.authorTroisi, Camille Aurelie
dc.contributor.authorHoppitt, Will J.
dc.contributor.authorRuiz-Miranda, Carlos R.
dc.contributor.authorLaland, Kevin Neville
dc.identifier.citationTroisi , C A , Hoppitt , W J , Ruiz-Miranda , C R & Laland , K N 2018 , ' Food-offering calls in wild golden lion tamarins ( Leontopithecus rosalia ) : evidence for teaching behavior? ' , International Journal of Primatology , vol. First Online .
dc.identifier.otherPURE: 256330740
dc.identifier.otherPURE UUID: 806ec688-8a39-4858-9c0e-42204c496408
dc.identifier.otherScopus: 85057139866
dc.identifier.otherORCID: /0000-0002-4036-3848/work/51010297
dc.identifier.otherORCID: /0000-0002-2457-0900/work/60630315
dc.identifier.otherWOS: 000453916800009
dc.description.abstractMany animals emit calls in the presence of food, but researchers do not always know the function of these calls. Evidence suggests that adult golden lion tamarins (Leontopithecus rosalia) use food-offering calls to teach juveniles which substrate (i.e., microhabitat) to forage on, or in, for food. However, we do not yet know whether juveniles learn from this aspect of the adults’ behavior. Here we examine whether juveniles learn to associate food-offering calls with a foraging substrate, as a step toward assessing whether these calls qualify as teaching behavior. We compared the performance of four wild juvenile golden lion tamarins that were introduced to a novel substrate while exposed to playbacks of food-offering calls (experimental condition) to the performance of three juveniles that were exposed to the novel substrate without the presence of food-offering playbacks (control condition). We varied the location of the novel substrate between trials. We found that food-offering calls had an immediate effect on juveniles’ interactions with the novel substrate, whether they inserted their hands into the substrate and their eating behavior, and a long-term effect on eating behavior at the substrate. The findings imply that juvenile golden lion tamarins can learn through food-offering calls about the availability of food at a substrate, which is consistent with (but does not prove) teaching in golden lion tamarins through stimulus enhancement. Our findings support the hypothesis that teaching might be more likely to evolve in cooperatively breeding species with complex ecological niches.
dc.relation.ispartofInternational Journal of Primatologyen
dc.rights© The Author(s) 2018. This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made.en
dc.subjectGolden lion tamarinsen
dc.subjectSocial learningen
dc.subjectVocal communicationen
dc.subjectQH301 Biologyen
dc.titleFood-offering calls in wild golden lion tamarins (Leontopithecus rosalia) : evidence for teaching behavior?en
dc.typeJournal articleen
dc.description.versionPublisher PDFen
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of St Andrews.Centre for Biological Diversityen
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of St Andrews.Scottish Oceans Instituteen
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of St Andrews.Institute of Behavioural and Neural Sciencesen
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of St Andrews.School of Biologyen
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of St Andrews.Centre for Social Learning & Cognitive Evolutionen
dc.description.statusPeer revieweden

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