Control of water and toxic gas adsorption in metal-organic frameworks
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The research presented in this thesis aims to determine the effectiveness of the uptake of toxic gases by several MOFs for future use in gas-mask cartridges, and to attempt to compensate for any deficiencies they show in “real-world” conditions. The main findings of this thesis confirm that MOFs are suitable candidates for the use in respirator cartridge materials and provide high capacity for adsorption of toxic gases like ammonia and STAM-1 in particular showed an impressive improvement in humid conditions, which normally decrease the performance of MOFs made from the same materials, such as HKUST-1. STAM-1’s improved performance in humid conditions is attributed to the structural shift it displays upon dehydration and rehydration and this was shown to be the case in a structural analogue, CuEtOip, which was synthesised in the author’s research group. This analogue was analysed using a combination of single crystal XRD and solid state MAS-NMR, both of which showed the structural change occurring and displays similar gas sorption behaviours, suggesting that this mechanism is the source of STAM-1’s improved performance in humid conditions. This thesis also examines the “Armoured MOF” process and investigates the transferability of the process of deposition of mesoporous silica onto MOFs with vastly different properties and synthetic methods compared to those published in the original publication. Alongside this, attempts to protect MOFs using mesoporous silicates were investigated for their viability.
Thesis, PhD Doctor of Philosophy
Embargo Date: 2021-05-31
Embargo Reason: Thesis restricted in accordance with University regulations. Print and electronic copy restricted until 31st May 2021
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