The need for small-scale turbulence in atmospheres of substellar objects
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Brown dwarfs and giant gas planets are substellar objects whose spectral appearance is determined by the chemical composition of the gas and the solids/liquids in the atmosphere. Atmospheres of substellar objects possess two major scale regimes: large-scale convective motions + gravitational settling and small-scale turbulence + dust formation. Turbulence initiates dust formation spot-like on small scale, while the dust feeds back into the turbulent fluid field by its strong radiative cooling. Small, imploding dust containing areas result which eventually become isothermal. Multi-dimensional simulations show that these small-scale dust structures gather into large-scale structures, suggesting the formation of clouds made of dirty dust grains. The chemical composition of the grains, and thereby the chemical evolution of the gas phase, is a function of temperature and depends on the grain's history.
Helling , C 2005 , The need for small-scale turbulence in atmospheres of substellar objects . in F Kupka & W Hillebrandt (eds) , Proceedings of the Workshop on "Interdisciplinary Aspects of Turbulence" Ringberg Castle, Tegernsee, Germany, April 18 - 22, 2005 . Max-Planck-Institut für Astrophysik , Garching , pp. 152-158 , Talk at Ringberg workshop on "Interdisciplinary Aspects of Turbulence" , Tegernsee , Germany , 18/04/05 . < http://arxiv.org/abs/astro-ph/0506204v1 >workshop
Proceedings of the Workshop on "Interdisciplinary Aspects of Turbulence" Ringberg Castle, Tegernsee, Germany, April 18 - 22, 2005
Copyright 2005 the Author.
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