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dc.contributor.authorFazey, Ioan Raymond Albert
dc.identifier.citationFazey , I R A 2010 , ' Resilience and higher order thinking ' , Ecology and Society , vol. 15 , no. 3 , pp. art 9 .en
dc.identifier.otherPURE: 4711835
dc.identifier.otherPURE UUID: 195534fe-2fc8-4825-b129-040537e84b3e
dc.identifier.otherScopus: 77958475722
dc.description.abstractTo appreciate, understand, and tackle chronic global social and environmental problems, greater appreciation of the importance of higher order thinking is required. Such thinking includes personal epistemological beliefs (PEBs), i.e., the beliefs people hold about the nature of knowledge and how something is known. These beliefs have profound implications for the way individuals relate to each other and the world, such as how people understand complex social-ecological systems. Resilience thinking is an approach to environmental stewardship that includes a number of interrelated concepts and has strong foundations in systemic ways of thinking. This paper (1) summarizes a review of educational psychology literature on PEBs, (2) explains why resilience thinking has potential to facilitate development of more sophisticated PEBs, (3) describes an example of a module designed to teach resilience thinking to undergraduate students in ways conducive to influencing PEBs, and (4) discusses a pilot study that evaluates the module's impact. Theoretical and preliminary evidence from the pilot evaluation suggests that resilience thinking which is underpinned by systems thinking has considerable potential to influence the development of more sophisticated PEBs. To be effective, however, careful consideration of how resilience thinking is taught is required. Finding ways to encourage students to take greater responsibility for their own learning and ensuring close alignment between assessment and desired learning outcomes are particularly important.
dc.relation.ispartofEcology and Societyen
dc.rights(c)2010 Ioan Fazey. Published by The Resilience Alliance, available at http://www.ecologyandsociety.orgen
dc.subjectSystems thinkingen
dc.subjectH Social Sciences (General)en
dc.subjectB Philosophy (General)en
dc.titleResilience and higher order thinkingen
dc.typeJournal articleen
dc.description.versionPublisher PDFen
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of St Andrews.Scottish Oceans Instituteen
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of St Andrews.Geography & Sustainable Developmenten
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of St Andrews.School of Geography and Geosciencesen
dc.description.statusPeer revieweden

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