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dc.contributor.authorBraulik, Gillian T.
dc.contributor.authorKasuga, Magreth
dc.contributor.authorWittich, Anja
dc.contributor.authorKiszka, Jeremy J
dc.contributor.authorMacAulay, Jamie
dc.contributor.authorGillespie, Doug
dc.contributor.authorGordon, Jonathan
dc.contributor.authorSaid, Said Shaib
dc.contributor.authorHammond, Philip S.
dc.identifier.citationBraulik , G T , Kasuga , M , Wittich , A , Kiszka , J J , MacAulay , J , Gillespie , D , Gordon , J , Said , S S & Hammond , P S 2018 , ' Cetacean rapid assessment : an approach to fill knowledge gaps and target conservation across large data deficient areas ' , Aquatic Conservation: Marine and Freshwater Ecosystems , vol. 28 , no. 1 , pp. 216-230 .
dc.identifier.otherORCID: /0000-0002-2381-8302/work/47531625
dc.identifier.otherORCID: /0000-0001-9628-157X/work/60427054
dc.identifier.otherORCID: /0000-0001-8919-4187/work/80257766
dc.descriptionThe work was funded by the Pew Marine Fellows Program and WCS.en
dc.description.abstract1. Many species and populations of marine megafauna are undergoing substantial declines, while many are also very poorly understood. Even basic information on species presence is unknown for tens of thousands of kilometres of coastline, particularly in the developing world, which is a major hurdle to their conservation. 2. Rapid ecological assessment is a valuable tool used to identify and prioritize areas for conservation; however, this approach has never been clearly applied to marine cetaceans. Here a rapid assessment protocol is outlined that will generate broad‐scale, quantitative, baseline data on cetacean communities and potential threats, that can be conducted rapidly and cost-effectively across whole countries, or regions. 3. The rapid assessment was conducted in Tanzania, East Africa, and integrated collection of data on cetaceans from visual, acoustic, and interview surveys with existing information from multiple sources, to provide low resolution data on cetacean community relative abundance, diversity, and threats. Four principal threats were evaluated and compared spatially using a qualitative scale: cetacean mortality in fishing gear (particularly gillnets); cetacean hunting, consumption or use by humans; shipping related collision risk and noise disturbance; and dynamite fishing. 4. Ninety‐one groups of 11 species of marine mammal were detected during field surveys. Potentially the most important area for cetaceans was the Pemba Channel, a deep, high‐current waterway between Pemba Island and mainland Africa, where by far the highest relative cetacean diversity and high relative abundance were recorded, but which is also subject to threats from fishing. 5. A rapid assessment approach can be applied in data deficient areas to quickly provide information on cetaceans that can be used by governments and managers for marine spatial planning, management of developments, and to target research activities into the most important locations.
dc.relation.ispartofAquatic Conservation: Marine and Freshwater Ecosystemsen
dc.subjectEnvironmental impact assessementen
dc.subjectMarine spatial planningen
dc.subjectRapid assessmenten
dc.subjectGE Environmental Sciencesen
dc.subjectQH301 Biologyen
dc.subjectSH Aquaculture. Fisheries. Anglingen
dc.subjectSDG 14 - Life Below Wateren
dc.titleCetacean rapid assessment : an approach to fill knowledge gaps and target conservation across large data deficient areasen
dc.typeJournal articleen
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of St Andrews. School of Biologyen
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of St Andrews. Scottish Oceans Instituteen
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of St Andrews. Sea Mammal Research Uniten
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of St Andrews. Marine Alliance for Science & Technology Scotlanden
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of St Andrews. Sound Tags Groupen
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of St Andrews. Bioacoustics groupen
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of St Andrews. Centre for Research into Ecological & Environmental Modellingen
dc.description.statusPeer revieweden

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