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dc.contributor.authorMaloney, Ryan
dc.contributor.authorKaestner, Milena
dc.contributor.authorBruce, Alison
dc.contributor.authorBloj, Marina
dc.contributor.authorHarris, Julie
dc.contributor.authorWade, Alex
dc.date.accessioned2018-09-10T15:30:16Z
dc.date.available2018-09-10T15:30:16Z
dc.date.issued2018-09
dc.identifier.citationMaloney , R , Kaestner , M , Bruce , A , Bloj , M , Harris , J & Wade , A 2018 , ' Sensitivity to velocity- and disparity- based cues to motion-in-depth with and without spared stereopsis in binocular visual impairment ' , Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science , vol. 59 , no. 11 , pp. 4375-4383 . https://doi.org/10.1167/iovs.17-23692en
dc.identifier.issn0146-0404
dc.identifier.otherPURE: 255500801
dc.identifier.otherPURE UUID: d855d07c-e90f-4cef-a9e5-e34311354ddb
dc.identifier.otherScopus: 85053082741
dc.identifier.otherORCID: /0000-0002-3497-4503/work/48321966
dc.identifier.otherWOS: 000443735600005
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10023/15998
dc.descriptionSupported by grants provided by the UK Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council: BB/M002543/1 (ARW); BB/M001660/1 (JMH); and BB/M001210/1 (MB).en
dc.description.abstractPurpose: Two binocular sources of information serve motion-in-depth (MID) perception: changes in disparity over time (CD), and interocular velocity differences (IOVD). While CD requires the computation of small spatial disparities, IOVD could, in principle, be computed with a much lower-resolution signal. IOVD signals therefore might still be available under conditions of binocular vision impairment (BVI) with limited or no stereopsis, e.g. amblyopia. Methods: Sensitivity to CD and IOVD was measured in adults who had undergone therapy to correct optical misalignment or amblyopia in childhood (n=16), as well as normal vision controls with good stereoacuity (n=8). Observers selected the interval containing a smoothly- oscillating MID “test/signal” stimulus from a “control/noise” stimulus in a two-interval forced choice (2IFC) paradigm. Results: Of the BVI observers with no static stereoacuity (n=9), one displayed evidence for sensitivity to IOVD only, while there was otherwise no sensitivity for either CD or IOVD in the group. Generally, the BVI observers with measurable static stereoacuity thresholds (n=7) displayed a pattern resembling the control group: showing a similar sensitivity for both cues. A neutral-density (ND) filter placed in front of the fixing eye in a subset of BVI observers did not improve performance. Conclusions: In one BVI observer we found evidence for preserved sensitivity to IOVD but not CD, though overall only those individuals with BVI and at least gross static stereopsis were able to detect disparity-based or velocity-based cues to MID. The results imply that IOVD signals are not necessarily processed in a manner remotely different to CD.
dc.language.isoeng
dc.relation.ispartofInvestigative Ophthalmology & Visual Scienceen
dc.rightsCopyright 2018 The Authors. This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.en
dc.subject3D motionen
dc.subjectStrabismusen
dc.subjectBinocular visionen
dc.subjectAmblyopiaen
dc.subjectMotion perceptionen
dc.subjectRC0321 Neuroscience. Biological psychiatry. Neuropsychiatryen
dc.subjectNDASen
dc.subject.lccRC0321en
dc.titleSensitivity to velocity- and disparity- based cues to motion-in-depth with and without spared stereopsis in binocular visual impairmenten
dc.typeJournal articleen
dc.description.versionPublisher PDFen
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of St Andrews.School of Psychology and Neuroscienceen
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of St Andrews.Institute of Behavioural and Neural Sciencesen
dc.identifier.doihttps://doi.org/10.1167/iovs.17-23692
dc.description.statusPeer revieweden


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