The University of St Andrews

Research@StAndrews:FullText >
University of St Andrews Research >
University of St Andrews Research >
University of St Andrews Research >

Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:
This item has been viewed 2 times in the last year. View Statistics

Files in This Item:

File Description SizeFormat
Ozakinci2006-EHP114-Persistence.pdf118.77 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
Title: Persistence of symptoms in veterans of the first Gulf War : 5-year follow-up
Authors: Ozakinci, Gozde
Hallman, WK
Kipen, HM
Keywords: Gulf War illness
medically unexplained symptoms
REgistry veterans
Medical evaluation
Risk factors
RC Internal medicine
Issue Date: Oct-2006
Citation: Ozakinci , G , Hallman , W K & Kipen , H M 2006 , ' Persistence of symptoms in veterans of the first Gulf War : 5-year follow-up ' Environmental Health Perspectives , vol 114 , no. 10 , pp. 1553-1557 . , 10.1289/ehp.9251
Abstract: BACKGROUND: During the 1990-1991 Gulf War, approximately 700,000 U.S. troops were deployed to the Persian Gulf theater of operations. Of that number, approximately 100,000 have presented medical complaints through various registry and examination programs. OBJECTIVES: Widespread symptomatic illness without defining physical features has been reported among veterans of the 1991 Gulf War. We ascertained changes in symptom status between an initial 1995 symptom evaluation and a follow-up in 2000. METHODS: We assessed mailed symptom survey questionnaires for 390 previously surveyed members of the U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs Gulf War Registry for changes over the 5-year interval in terms of number and severity of symptoms. RESULTS: For the cohort as a whole, we found no significant changes in symptom number or severity. Those initially more symptomatic in 1995 showed some improvement over time, but remained much more highly symptomatic than those who had lesser initial symptomatology. CONCLUSIONS: The symptom outbreak following the 1991 Gulf War has not abated over time in registry veterans, suggesting substantial need for better understanding and care for these veterans.
Version: Publisher PDF
Status: Peer reviewed
ISSN: 0091-6765
Type: Journal article
Rights: Reproduced with permission from Environmental Health Perspectives
Appears in Collections:University of St Andrews Research
Medicine Research

This item is protected by original copyright

Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.


DSpace Software Copyright © 2002-2012  Duraspace - Feedback
For help contact: | Copyright for this page belongs to St Andrews University Library | Terms and Conditions (Cookies)