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dc.contributor.authorRoberts, Michaela
dc.contributor.authorHanley, Nick
dc.contributor.authorCresswell, Will
dc.identifier.citationRoberts , M , Hanley , N & Cresswell , W 2017 , ' User fees across ecosystem boundaries : are SCUBA divers willing to pay for terrestrial biodiversity conservation? ' , Journal of Environmental Management , vol. 200 , pp. 53-59 .
dc.identifier.otherPURE: 250067728
dc.identifier.otherPURE UUID: 4dd5fdda-5ef1-47c8-a8a9-7060d3fc9be4
dc.identifier.otherScopus: 85019944127
dc.identifier.otherORCID: /0000-0002-4684-7624/work/60426961
dc.identifier.otherWOS: 000406564400007
dc.descriptionWe acknowledge extensive field support provided by Bonaire NGO, Echo, during data collection, and the generosity of Great Adventures, Bonaire, Wannadive, Bonaire, Dive Friends, Bonaire, and Divi Dive, Bonaire in allowing us to conduct surveys at their locations. This work was funded by the University of St Andrews, School of Geography and Geosciences.en
dc.description.abstractWhile ecological links between ecosystems have been long recognised, management rarely crosses ecosystem boundaries. Coral reefs are susceptible to damage through terrestrial run-off, and failing to account for this within management threatens reef protection. In order to quantify the extent to that coral reef users are willing to support management actions to improve ecosystem quality, we conducted a choice experiment with SCUBA divers on the island of Bonaire, Caribbean Netherlands. Specifically, we estimated their willingness to pay to reduce terrestrial overgrazing as a means to improve reef health. Willingness to pay was estimated using the multinomial, random parameter and latent class logit models. Willingness to pay for improvements to reef quality was positive for the majority of respondents. Estimates from the latent class model determined willingness to pay for reef improvements of between $31.17 - $413.18/year, dependent on class membership. This represents a significant source of funding for terrestrial conservation, and illustrates the potential for user fees to be applied across ecosystem boundaries. We argue that such across-ecosystem-boundary funding mechanisms are an important avenue for future investigation in many connected systems.
dc.relation.ispartofJournal of Environmental Managementen
dc.rights© 2017, Elsevier. This work has been made available online in accordance with the publisher’s policies. This is the author created, accepted version manuscript following peer review and may differ slightly from the final published version. The final published version of this work is available at /
dc.subjectChoice experimenten
dc.subjectUser feeen
dc.subjectCoral reefen
dc.subjectGE Environmental Sciencesen
dc.subjectQH301 Biologyen
dc.titleUser fees across ecosystem boundaries : are SCUBA divers willing to pay for terrestrial biodiversity conservation?en
dc.typeJournal articleen
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of St Andrews.Geography & Sustainable Developmenten
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of St Andrews.School of Biologyen
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of St Andrews.Scottish Oceans Instituteen
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of St Andrews.Institute of Behavioural and Neural Sciencesen
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of St Andrews.St Andrews Sustainability Instituteen
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of St Andrews.Centre for Biological Diversityen
dc.description.statusPeer revieweden

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