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dc.contributor.authorBorras Guevara, Martha Lucia
dc.contributor.authorBatres, Carlota
dc.contributor.authorPerrett, David I.
dc.identifier.citationBorras Guevara , M L , Batres , C & Perrett , D I 2017 , ' Aggressor or protector? Experiences and perceptions of violence predict preferences for masculinity ' , Evolution and Human Behavior , vol. 38 , no. 4 , pp. 481-489 .
dc.identifier.otherPURE: 249476968
dc.identifier.otherPURE UUID: 3076c0ef-8121-4f4e-b0d5-a9d8b257fb89
dc.identifier.otherScopus: 85016588202
dc.identifier.otherWOS: 000404833200008
dc.identifier.otherORCID: /0000-0002-6025-0939/work/64360935
dc.descriptionThis work was funded by Colciencias (Call 646) and St Leonard's College, University of St Andrews, Scotland.en
dc.description.abstractWomen’s preferences for masculine male partners have been explained in terms of heritable health. The evidence between masculinity and health, however, is controversial and therefore, alternative explanations for masculinity preferences reflecting income inequality and protection from violence have been proposed. This study thus aimed to test the effect of exposure to violence (i.e., experiences of robberies and perceptions of danger) on the individual masculinity preferences of women and men from the capital city of Colombia, Bogota, and surrounding small towns. One hundred and fifty three adult participants (mean age ± S.D.= 31.3 ± 9.4), all heterosexual, were surveyed in reference to indicators related to health (e.g., drinking water access, frequency of illnesses), access to media (e.g., television and internet access), education (e.g., graduating from high school, attending university) and exposure to violence (e.g., frequency of robberies/attacks, feelings of danger from violence). Participants made two alternative, preference forced-choice for masculinized and feminized versions of both rural Salvadoran and European male faces. We found that men and women exposed to higher levels of violence preferred less masculine male faces, although this effect was only significant for women. Additionally, the effect of violence exposure was more relevant for the Salvadoran stimuli. Violence contributed significantly to explaining masculinity preferences after controlling for participant age, education, access to media, and health-related factors. These preferences may reflect women’s strategy to avoid male violence demonstrating that exposure to violence matters in interpersonal attraction.
dc.relation.ispartofEvolution and Human Behavioren
dc.rights© 2017 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. This work has been made available online in accordance with the publisher’s policies. This is the author created, accepted version manuscript following peer review and may differ slightly from the final published version. The final published version of this work is available at
dc.subjectInterpersonal attractionen
dc.subjectIntra-sexual selectionen
dc.subjectBF Psychologyen
dc.titleAggressor or protector? Experiences and perceptions of violence predict preferences for masculinityen
dc.typeJournal articleen
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of St Andrews.School of Psychology and Neuroscienceen
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of St Andrews.Institute of Behavioural and Neural Sciencesen
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of St Andrews.Centre for Social Learning & Cognitive Evolutionen
dc.description.statusPeer revieweden

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