Strong, spectrally-tunable chirality in diffractive metasurfaces
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Metamaterials and metasurfaces provide a paradigm-changing approach for manipulating light. Their potential has been evinced by recent demonstrations of chiral responses much greater than those of natural materials. Here, we demonstrate theoretically and experimentally that the extrinsic chiral response of a metasurface can be dramatically enhanced by near-field diffraction effects. At the core of this phenomenon are lattice plasmon modes that respond selectively to the illumination’s polarization handedness. The metasurface exhibits sharp features in its circular dichroism spectra, which are tunable over a broad bandwidth by changing the illumination angle over a few degrees. Using this property, we demonstrate an ultra-thin circular-polarization sensitive spectral filter with a linewidth of ~10 nm, which can be dynamically tuned over a spectral range of 200 nm. Chiral diffractive metasurfaces, such as the one proposed here, open exciting possibilities for ultra-thin photonic devices with tunable, spin-controlled functionality.
De Leon , I , Horton , M J , Schulz , S A , Upham , J , Banzer , P & Boyd , R W 2015 , ' Strong, spectrally-tunable chirality in diffractive metasurfaces ' Scientific Reports , vol 5 , 13034 . DOI: 10.1038/srep13034
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DescriptionThe authors acknowledge the support of the Canada Excellence Research Chairs Program. P.B. acknowledges the support from the Alexander von Humboldt Foundation.
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