Social class and ideologies of inequality : how they uphold unequal societies
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Many societies are becoming increasingly unequal, especially after the Great Recession. This is occurring despite the evidence showing that economic inequality undermines personal and social wellbeing, and that inequality impairs the safe functioning of our societies. Although the main known causes of economic inequality are macro‐economic, some psychosocial factors can contribute to maintain it; these factors are the focus of this paper. Study 1 shows that feeling higher class and justifying the economic system increase the perception that the actual resource distribution is fair, and this in turn reduces the extent to which people see their society as unequal; effectively, social class and system justification blind people to inequality. Study 2 goes beyond blinded inequality to examine beliefs that oppose wealth redistribution. Both economic system justification (ESJ) and social dominance orientation (SDO) beliefs deepen inequality: People with strong ESJ or SDO tend not to endorse governmental and nongovernmental activities that reduce inequality. Further, these effects were mediated by a belief in dispositional poverty (i.e., internal causes for being poor). Combined, these studies highlight the importance of beliefs about social standing (subjective SES) and, especially, of ideology regarding the organization of society (ESJ, SDO) in maintaining and deepening levels of inequality.
Rodriguez-Bailon , R , Bratanova , B A , Willis , G , Lopez-Rodriguez , L , Sturrock , A & Loughnan , S 2017 , ' Social class and ideologies of inequality : how they uphold unequal societies ' , Journal of Social Issues , vol. 73 , no. 1 , pp. 99-116 . https://doi.org/10.1111/josi.12206
Journal of Social Issues
Copyright © 2016, © 2017 The Society for the Psychological Study of Social Issues. This work is made available online in accordance with the publisher’s policies. This is the author created, accepted version manuscript following peer review and may differ slightly from the final published version. The final published version of this work is available at https://doi.org/10.1111/josi.12206
DescriptionThis research was partly supported by grant No. PSI2013-45678P, from the Spanish Ministry of Science and Innovation (Ministerio de Ciencia e Innovación) to the first author.
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