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dc.contributor.authorVerfuss, Ursula K.
dc.contributor.authorGillespie, Douglas
dc.contributor.authorGordon, Jonathan
dc.contributor.authorMarques, Tiago A.
dc.contributor.authorMiller, Brianne
dc.contributor.authorPlunkett, Rachael
dc.contributor.authorTheriault, James A.
dc.contributor.authorTollit, Dominic J.
dc.contributor.authorZitterbart, Daniel P.
dc.contributor.authorHubert, Philippe
dc.contributor.authorThomas, Len
dc.identifier.citationVerfuss , U K , Gillespie , D , Gordon , J , Marques , T A , Miller , B , Plunkett , R , Theriault , J A , Tollit , D J , Zitterbart , D P , Hubert , P & Thomas , L 2018 , ' Comparing methods suitable for monitoring marine mammals in low visibility conditions during seismic surveys ' , Marine Pollution Bulletin , vol. 126 , pp. 1-18 .
dc.identifier.otherPURE: 252521147
dc.identifier.otherPURE UUID: 6e015ec5-d0d3-43a5-9e66-4f288c65520f
dc.identifier.otherRIS: urn:C4F0C50AF749476C9F17CF20EC8BBDE0
dc.identifier.otherScopus: 85033677419
dc.identifier.otherWOS: 000425569400001
dc.descriptionFunding: This work was supported by the Joint Industry Programme on E&P Sound and Marine Life - Phase III. TAM was partially supported by CEAUL (funded by FCT - Fundação para a Ciência e a Tecnologia, Portugal, through the project UID/MAT/00006/2013).en
dc.description.abstractLoud sound emitted during offshore industrial activities can impact marine mammals. Regulations typically prescribe marine mammal monitoring before and/or during these activities to implement mitigation measures that minimise potential acoustic impacts. Using seismic surveys under low visibility conditions as a case study, we review which monitoring methods are suitable and compare their relative strengths and weaknesses. Passive acoustic monitoring has been implemented as either a complementary or alternative method to visual monitoring in low visibility conditions. Other methods such as RADAR, active sonar and thermal infrared have also been tested, but are rarely recommended by regulatory bodies. The efficiency of the monitoring method(s) will depend on the animal behaviour and environmental conditions, however, using a combination of complementary systems generally improves the overall detection performance. We recommend that the performance of monitoring systems, over a range of conditions, is explored in a modelling framework for a variety of species.
dc.relation.ispartofMarine Pollution Bulletinen
dc.rights© 2017 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Ltd. This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (
dc.subjectMarine mammalsen
dc.subjectMonitoring methodsen
dc.subjectUnderwater noiseen
dc.subjectSeismic surveyen
dc.subjectDetection performanceen
dc.subjectLow visibilityen
dc.subjectQH301 Biologyen
dc.subjectSDG 14 - Life Below Wateren
dc.titleComparing methods suitable for monitoring marine mammals in low visibility conditions during seismic surveysen
dc.typeJournal itemen
dc.description.versionPublisher PDFen
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of St Andrews. School of Biologyen
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of St Andrews. Sea Mammal Research Uniten
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of St Andrews. Marine Alliance for Science & Technology Scotlanden
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of St Andrews. Scottish Oceans Instituteen
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of St Andrews. Sound Tags Groupen
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of St Andrews. Bioacoustics groupen
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of St Andrews. School of Mathematics and Statisticsen
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of St Andrews. Centre for Research into Ecological & Environmental Modellingen
dc.description.statusPeer revieweden

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