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dc.contributor.authorAmici, Federica
dc.contributor.authorCall, Josep
dc.contributor.authorWatzek, Julia
dc.contributor.authorBrosnan, Sarah
dc.contributor.authorAureli, Filippo
dc.identifier.citationAmici , F , Call , J , Watzek , J , Brosnan , S & Aureli , F 2018 , ' Social inhibition and behavioural flexibility when the context changes : a comparison across six primate species ' , Scientific Reports , vol. 8 , 3067 .
dc.identifier.otherRIS: urn:80085D9B0E60E692DAE6DC803C7A62B0
dc.identifier.otherRIS: Amici2018
dc.identifier.otherORCID: /0000-0002-8597-8336/work/42276857
dc.descriptionThis work was conducted while the first author held a Humboldt Research Fellowship for Postdoctoral Researchers (Humboldt ID number 1138999). We acknowledge support from the German Research Foundation (DFG) and Leipzig University within the program of Open Access Publishing.en
dc.description.abstractThe ability to inhibit previously employed strategies and flexibly adjust behavioural responses to external conditions may be critical for individual survival. However, it is unclear which factors predict their distribution across species. Here, we investigated social inhibition and behavioural flexibility in six primate species (chimpanzees, bonobos, orangutans, gorillas, capuchin monkeys and spider monkeys) differing in terms of phylogenetic relatedness, foraging ecology and social organization. Depending on the social context, individuals could maximize their food intake by inhibiting the selection of a larger food reward in one condition (i.e. inhibition), but not in others, which required them to flexibly switching strategies across conditions (i.e. behavioural flexibility). Overall, our study revealed inter-specific differences in social inhibition and behavioural flexibility, which partially reflected differences in fission-fusion dynamics. In particular, orangutans and chimpanzees showed the highest level of inhibitory skills, while gorillas and capuchin monkeys showed the lowest one. In terms of behavioural flexibility, orangutans and spider monkeys were the best performers, while bonobos and capuchin monkeys were the worst ones. These results contribute to our understanding that inhibition and behavioural flexibility may be linked in more complex ways than usually thought, although both abilities play a crucial role in efficient problem solving.
dc.relation.ispartofScientific Reportsen
dc.subjectBF Psychologyen
dc.subjectQH301 Biologyen
dc.subjectQL Zoologyen
dc.titleSocial inhibition and behavioural flexibility when the context changes : a comparison across six primate speciesen
dc.typeJournal articleen
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of St Andrews. School of Psychology and Neuroscienceen
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of St Andrews. Centre for Social Learning & Cognitive Evolutionen
dc.description.statusPeer revieweden

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