Tuning charge carrier transport and optical birefringence in liquid-crystalline thin films : a new design space for organic light-emitting diodes
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Liquid-crystalline organic semiconductors exhibit unique properties that make them highly interesting for organic optoelectronic applications. Their optical and electrical anisotropies and the possibility to control the alignment of the liquid-crystalline semiconductor allow not only to optimize charge carrier transport, but to tune the optical property of organic thin-film devices as well. In this study, the molecular orientation in a liquid-crystalline semiconductor film is tuned by a novel blading process as well as by different annealing protocols. The altered alignment is verified by cross-polarized optical microscopy and spectroscopic ellipsometry. It is shown that a change in alignment of the liquid-crystalline semiconductor improves charge transport in single charge carrier devices profoundly. Comparing the current-voltage characteristics of single charge carrier devices with simulations shows an excellent agreement and from this an in-depth understanding of single charge carrier transport in two-terminal devices is obtained. Finally, p-i-n type organic light-emitting diodes (OLEDs) compatible with vacuum processing techniques used in state-of-the-art OLEDs are demonstrated employing liquid-crystalline host matrix in the emission layer.
Keum , C , Liu , S , Al-Shadeedi , A , Kaphle , V , Koen Callens , M , Han , L , Neyts , K , Zhao , H , Gather , M C , Bunge , S D , Twieg , R J , Jakli , A & Lüssem , B 2018 , ' Tuning charge carrier transport and optical birefringence in liquid-crystalline thin films : a new design space for organic light-emitting diodes ' Scientific Reports , vol 8 , 699 . DOI: 10.1038/s41598-018-19157-9
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B.L. acknowledges financial support from the Binational Science Foundation under grant No 2014396 and from the National Science Foundation under grant No 1639073. C.K. acknowledges funding from the Kent State University Internal Post-Doctoral Competition. M.C.K. acknowledges funding from the Belgian Agentschap voor innovatie door wetenschap en techniek under grant No IWT 131498.
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