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dc.contributor.authorBrand, Charlotte O.
dc.contributor.authorBrown, Gillian R.
dc.contributor.authorCross, Catharine P.
dc.identifier.citationBrand , C O , Brown , G R & Cross , C P 2018 , ' Sex differences in the use of social information emerge under conditions of risk ' , PeerJ , vol. 6 , e4190 .
dc.identifier.otherORCID: /0000-0002-0675-0780/work/60195732
dc.identifier.otherORCID: /0000-0001-8110-8408/work/60427413
dc.descriptionThe research was funded by a John Templeton Foundation grant, awarded to lead principal investigators Kevin Laland (School of Biology, University of St Andrews) and Andrew Whiten (School of Psychology & Neuroscience, University of St Andrews).en
dc.description.abstractSocial learning provides an effective route to gaining up-to-date information, particularly when information is costly to obtain asocially. Theoretical work predicts that the willingness to switch between using asocial and social sources of information will vary between individuals according to their risk tolerance. We tested the prediction that, where there are sex differences in risk tolerance, altering the variance of the payoffs of using asocial and social information differentially influences the probability of social information use by sex. In a computer-based task that involved building a virtual spaceship, men and women (N = 88) were given the option of using either asocial or social sources of information to improve their performance. When the asocial option was risky (i.e., the participant’s score could markedly increase or decrease) and the social option was safe (i.e., their score could slightly increase or remain the same), women, but not men, were more likely to use the social option than the asocial option. In all other conditions, both women and men preferentially used the asocial option to a similar degree. We therefore found both a sex difference in risk aversion and a sex difference in the preference for social information when relying on asocial information was risky, consistent with the hypothesis that levels of risk-aversion influence the use of social information.
dc.subjectSex differencesen
dc.subjectRisk takingen
dc.subjectHuman behaviouren
dc.subjectSocial learningen
dc.subjectSocial information useen
dc.subjectRisk aversionen
dc.subjectCultural evolutionen
dc.subjectHT Communities. Classes. Racesen
dc.subjectRC0321 Neuroscience. Biological psychiatry. Neuropsychiatryen
dc.titleSex differences in the use of social information emerge under conditions of risken
dc.typeJournal articleen
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of St Andrews. Institute of Behavioural and Neural Sciencesen
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of St Andrews. Centre for Social Learning & Cognitive Evolutionen
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of St Andrews. School of Psychology and Neuroscienceen
dc.description.statusPeer revieweden

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