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dc.contributor.authorSwindles, Graeme T.
dc.contributor.authorWatson, Elizabeth J.
dc.contributor.authorSavov, Ivan P.
dc.contributor.authorLawson, Ian T.
dc.contributor.authorSchmidt, Anja
dc.contributor.authorHooper, Andrew
dc.contributor.authorCooper, Claire L.
dc.contributor.authorConnor, Charles B.
dc.contributor.authorGloor, Manuel
dc.contributor.authorCarrivick, Jonathan L.
dc.date.accessioned2018-01-04T10:30:30Z
dc.date.available2018-01-04T10:30:30Z
dc.date.issued2018-01
dc.identifier.citationSwindles , G T , Watson , E J , Savov , I P , Lawson , I T , Schmidt , A , Hooper , A , Cooper , C L , Connor , C B , Gloor , M & Carrivick , J L 2018 , ' Climatic control on Icelandic volcanic activity during the mid-Holocene ' , Geology , vol. 46 , no. 1 , pp. 47-50 . https://doi.org/10.1130/G39633.1en
dc.identifier.issn0091-7613
dc.identifier.otherPURE: 251872053
dc.identifier.otherPURE UUID: 61798944-07a7-4b86-ad68-9f22d164ab6e
dc.identifier.otherScopus: 85038837303
dc.identifier.otherWOS: 000418589600012
dc.identifier.otherORCID: /0000-0002-3547-2425/work/75996937
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10023/12424
dc.descriptionWatson acknowledges a Natural Environment Research Council–funded Doctoral Training Grant (NE/K500847/1). Cooper acknowledges a Leeds Anniversary Research Scholarship (Ph.D.) and a Climate Research Bursary Fund from the Priestley International Centre for Climate (University of Leeds).en
dc.description.abstractHuman-induced climate change is causing rapid melting of ice in many volcanically active regions. Over glacial-interglacial time scales changes in surface loading exerted by large variations in glacier size affect the rates of volcanic activity. Numerical models suggest that smaller changes in ice volume over shorter time scales may also influence rates of mantle melt generation. However, this effect has not been verified in the geological record. Furthermore, the time lag between climatic forcing and a resultant change in the frequency of volcanic eruptions is unknown. We present empirical evidence that the frequency of volcanic eruptions in Iceland was affected by glacial extent, modulated by climate, on multicentennial time scales during the Holocene. We examine the frequency of volcanic ash deposition over northern Europe and compare this with Icelandic eruptions. We identify a period of markedly reduced volcanic activity centered on 5.5-4.5 ka that was preceded by a major change in atmospheric circulation patterns, expressed in the North Atlantic as a deepening of the Icelandic Low, favoring glacial advance on Iceland. We calculate an apparent time lag of ~600 yr between the climate event and change in eruption frequency. Given the time lag identified here, increase in volcanic eruptions due to ongoing deglaciation since the end of the Little Ice Age may not become apparent for hundreds of years.
dc.format.extent4
dc.language.isoeng
dc.relation.ispartofGeologyen
dc.rights© 2017 The Authors. Gold Open Access: this paper is published under the terms of the CC-BY license.en
dc.subjectQE Geologyen
dc.subjectGeologyen
dc.subjectDASen
dc.subject.lccQEen
dc.titleClimatic control on Icelandic volcanic activity during the mid-Holoceneen
dc.typeJournal articleen
dc.description.versionPublisher PDFen
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of St Andrews.School of Geography & Sustainable Developmenten
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of St Andrews.Bell-Edwards Geographic Data Instituteen
dc.identifier.doihttps://doi.org/10.1130/G39633.1
dc.description.statusPeer revieweden


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