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dc.contributor.authorHinnebusch, Raymond
dc.identifier.citationHinnebusch , R 2016 , ' State de-construction in Iraq and Syria ' , Politische Vierteljahresschrift , vol. 57 , no. 4 , pp. 560-585 .
dc.identifier.otherPURE: 247678894
dc.identifier.otherPURE UUID: 4b923868-b58a-4a53-87bb-8822aa3c38d9
dc.identifier.otherScopus: 85011356931
dc.identifier.otherORCID: /0000-0001-5800-6606/work/60630144
dc.identifier.otherWOS: 000390084600004
dc.description.abstractIn International Historical Sociology, states and states systems co-constitute each other. While IHS focuses on state formation, this paper argues that state de-formation, and in its extremes, state failure, is also “co-constituted.” In Syria and Iraq, state failure was co-constituted through an interaction between internal insurgencies and the Western interventions aiming at regime change. Iraq and Syria were created by Western imperialism as weak states suffering from identity fragmentation and pervasive irredentism. Ba’thist state builders used populist versions of neo-patrimonialism to consolidate regimes but excluded social forces were permanently poised for rebellion and regime decline gave them opportunities to bid for power. Nevertheless, external intervention was the extra factor that initiated state de-construction and tipped both into failed states. In Iraq the US invasion deconstructed the existing state and established a sectarian based regime bound to fail. In Syria, shrinking inclusiveness led to revolt but external intervention, making it a battleground of regional and global powers, tipped the country into a failed state. Two failed states left a vacuum in which IS arose, inviting yet a further round of external intervention.
dc.relation.ispartofPolitische Vierteljahresschriften
dc.rightsCopyright © 2017 The Author(s)/Publisher. This is an open access article under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs License, which permits use and distribution in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited, the use is non-commercial and no modifications or adaptations are made.en
dc.subjectstate failureen
dc.subjectJZ International relationsen
dc.titleState de-construction in Iraq and Syriaen
dc.typeJournal articleen
dc.description.versionPublisher PDFen
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of St Andrews. School of International Relationsen
dc.description.statusPeer revieweden

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