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dc.contributor.authorWhiten, Andrew
dc.contributor.authorvan de Waal, Erica
dc.identifier.citationWhiten , A & van de Waal , E 2017 , ' Social learning, culture and the ‘socio-cultural brain’ of human and non-human primates ' , Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews , vol. 82 , pp. 58-75 .
dc.identifier.otherPURE: 248457993
dc.identifier.otherPURE UUID: b5ebaf41-3c55-4cb8-962d-d28cb5c076cd
dc.identifier.otherScopus: 85008441580
dc.identifier.otherWOS: 000419418600007
dc.descriptionAW was supported during the writing of this review by the John Templeton Foundation (grant number ID40128). EvdW was supported by the Swiss National Science Foundation (grant number P300P3-151187) and Society in Science - Branco Weiss Fellowship.en
dc.description.abstractNoting important recent discoveries, we review primate social learning, traditions and culture, together with associated findings about primate brains. We survey our current knowledge of primate cultures in the wild, and complementary experimental diffusion studies testing species’ capacity to sustain traditions. We relate this work to theories that seek to explain the enlarged brain size of primates as specializations for social intelligence, that have most recently extended to learning from others and the cultural transmission this permits. We discuss alternative theories and review a variety of recent findings that support cultural intelligence hypotheses for primate encephalization. At a more fine-grained neuroscientific level we focus on the underlying processes of social learning, especially emulation and imitation. Here, our own and others’ recent research has established capacities for bodily imitation in both monkeys and apes, results that are consistent with a role for the mirror neuron system in social learning. We review important convergences between behavioural findings and recent non-invasive neuroscientific studies.
dc.relation.ispartofNeuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviewsen
dc.rights© 2016 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. This work has been made available online in accordance with the publisher’s policies. This is the author created, accepted version manuscript following peer review and may differ slightly from the final published version. The final published version of this work is available at:
dc.subjectSocial learningen
dc.subjectVervet monkeysen
dc.subjectSocial brainen
dc.subjectSocial intelligenceen
dc.subjectCultural intelligence hypothesisen
dc.subjectMirror neuronsen
dc.subjectBF Psychologyen
dc.titleSocial learning, culture and the ‘socio-cultural brain’ of human and non-human primatesen
dc.typeJournal itemen
dc.contributor.sponsorJohn Templeton Foundationen
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of St Andrews. School of Psychology and Neuroscienceen
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of St Andrews. Institute of Behavioural and Neural Sciencesen
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of St Andrews. Centre for Social Learning & Cognitive Evolutionen
dc.description.statusPeer revieweden

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