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dc.contributor.authorHaynes, Laura L.
dc.contributor.authorHönisch, Bärbel
dc.contributor.authorDyez, Kelsey A.
dc.contributor.authorHolland, Kate
dc.contributor.authorRosenthal, Yair
dc.contributor.authorFish, Carina R.
dc.contributor.authorSubhas, Adam V.
dc.contributor.authorRae, James W. B.
dc.identifier.citationHaynes , L L , Hönisch , B , Dyez , K A , Holland , K , Rosenthal , Y , Fish , C R , Subhas , A V & Rae , J W B 2017 , ' Calibration of the B/Ca proxy in the planktic foraminifer Orbulina universa to Paleocene seawater conditions ' , Paleoceanography , vol. 32 , no. 6 , pp. 580-599 .
dc.identifier.otherBibtex: urn:e3e468c24bc547e8f0b924619dc09b52
dc.identifier.otherORCID: /0000-0003-3904-2526/work/60196314
dc.descriptionThis research is funded by NSF [OCE12-32987] to BH.en
dc.description.abstractThe B/Ca ratio of planktic foraminiferal calcite, a proxy for the surface ocean carbonate system, displays large negative excursions during the Paleocene-Eocene Thermal Maximum (PETM, 55.9 Ma), consistent with rapid ocean acidification at that time. However, the B/Ca excursion measured at the PETM exceeds a magnitude that modern pH-calibrations can explain. Numerous other controls on the proxy have been suggested, including foraminiferal growth rate and the total concentration of Dissolved Inorganic Carbon (DIC). Here we present new calibrations for B/Ca vs. the combined effects of pH and DIC in the symbiont-bearing planktic foraminifer Orbulina universa, grown in culture solutions with simulated Paleocene seawater elemental composition (high [Ca], low [Mg], and low [B]T). We also investigate the isolated effects of low seawater total boron concentration ([B]T), high [Ca], reduced symbiont photosynthetic activity, and average shell growth rate on O. universa B/Ca in order to further understand the proxy systematics and to determine other possible influences on the PETM records. We find that average shell growth rate does not appear to determine B/Ca in high calcite saturation experiments. In addition, our “Paleocene” calibration shows higher sensitivity than the modern calibration at low [B(OH)4-]/DIC. Given a large DIC pulse at the PETM, this amplification of the B/Ca response can more fully explain the PETM B/Ca excursion. However, further calibrations with other foraminifer species are needed to determine the range of foraminifer species-specific proxy sensitivities under these conditions for quantitative reconstruction of large carbon cycle perturbations.
dc.subjectO. universaen
dc.subjectPaleocene-Eocene Thermal Maximumen
dc.subjectOcean acidificationen
dc.subjectPlanktic foraminiferaen
dc.subjectGE Environmental Sciencesen
dc.subjectGC Oceanographyen
dc.subjectSDG 14 - Life Below Wateren
dc.titleCalibration of the B/Ca proxy in the planktic foraminifer Orbulina universa to Paleocene seawater conditionsen
dc.typeJournal articleen
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of St Andrews. Earth and Environmental Sciencesen
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of St Andrews. St Andrews Isotope Geochemistryen
dc.description.statusPeer revieweden

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