Architecture and permeability of post-cytokinesis plasmodesmata lacking cytoplasmic sleeves
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Plasmodesmata are remarkable cellular machines responsible for the controlled exchange of proteins, small RNAs and signalling molecules between cells. They are lined by the plasma membrane (PM), contain a strand of tubular endoplasmic reticulum (ER), and the space between these two membranes is thought to control plasmodesmata permeability. Here, we have reconstructed plasmodesmata three-dimensional (3D) ultrastructure with an unprecedented level of 3D information using electron tomography. We show that within plasmodesmata, ER-PM contact sites undergo substantial remodelling events during cell differentiation. Instead of being open pores, post-cytokinesis plasmodesmata present such intimate ER-PM contact along the entire length of the pores that no intermembrane gap is visible. Later on, during cell expansion, the plasmodesmata pore widens and the two membranes separate, leaving a cytosolic sleeve spanned by tethers whose presence correlates with the appearance of the intermembrane gap. Surprisingly, the post-cytokinesis plasmodesmata allow diffusion of macromolecules despite the apparent lack of an open cytoplasmic sleeve, forcing the reassessment of the mechanisms that control plant cell-cell communication.
Nicolas , W J , Grison , M S , Trépout , S , Gaston , A , Fouché , M , Cordelières , F P , Oparka , K , Tilsner , J , Brocard , L & Bayer , E M 2017 , ' Architecture and permeability of post-cytokinesis plasmodesmata lacking cytoplasmic sleeves ' Nature Plants , vol 3 , 17082 . DOI: 10.1038/nplants.2017.82
© 2017, the Author(s). This work has been made available online in accordance with the publisher’s policies. This is the author created, accepted version manuscript following peer review and may differ slightly from the final published version. The final published version of this work is available at https://doi.org/10.1038/nplants.2017.82
DescriptionThis work was supported by the grants by the Region Aquitaine (to E.M.B) and PEPS (Initial Support for Exploratory Projects to E.M.B) and National Agency for Research (Grant ANR-14-CE19-0006-01 to E.M.B).
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