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dc.contributor.authorProsser, Simon James
dc.identifier.citationProsser , S J 2015 , ' XII - Why are indexicals essential? ' , Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society , vol. 115 , no. 3 pt 3 , pp. 211-233 .
dc.identifier.otherPURE: 199203794
dc.identifier.otherPURE UUID: e3eb93a0-1227-4c33-900c-005bf15d0b94
dc.identifier.otherScopus: 84953864580
dc.identifier.otherORCID: /0000-0001-7444-2782/work/67525834
dc.description.abstractDespite recent challenges, it is commonly held that certain indexical terms such as ‘I', ‘here’ and ‘now’ have a necessary or ‘essential’ role in certain kinds of action. I argue that this is correct, and I offer an explanation. A use of an indexical term of the kind in question connotes a specific relation between the thinking subject and the reference of the indexical. The mental representation of this relation has an epistemic feature that I call first-person redundancy. I show through a regress argument that a mental state of this kind is essential for common kinds of action, and perhaps for all actions.
dc.relation.ispartofProceedings of the Aristotelian Societyen
dc.rights© 2015 The Aristotelian Society. This work is made available online in accordance with the publisher’s policies. This is the author created, accepted version manuscript following peer review and may differ slightly from the final published version. The final published version of this work is available at
dc.subjectB Philosophy. Psychology. Religionen
dc.titleXII - Why are indexicals essential?en
dc.typeJournal articleen
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of St Andrews. Philosophyen
dc.description.statusPeer revieweden

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