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dc.contributor.authorSingh, Ajit
dc.contributor.authorThomsen, Kristina J.
dc.contributor.authorSinha, Rajiv
dc.contributor.authorBuylaert, Jan-Pieter
dc.contributor.authorCarter, Andrew
dc.contributor.authorMark, Darren F.
dc.contributor.authorMason, Philippa J.
dc.contributor.authorDensmore, Alexander L.
dc.contributor.authorMurray, Andrew S.
dc.contributor.authorJain, Mayank
dc.contributor.authorPaul, Debajyoti
dc.contributor.authorGupta, Sanjeev
dc.identifier.citationSingh , A , Thomsen , K J , Sinha , R , Buylaert , J-P , Carter , A , Mark , D F , Mason , P J , Densmore , A L , Murray , A S , Jain , M , Paul , D & Gupta , S 2017 , ' Counter-intuitive influence of Himalayan river morphodynamics on Indus Civilisation urban settlements ' , Nature Communications , vol. 8 , 1617 .
dc.identifier.otherPURE: 251715581
dc.identifier.otherPURE UUID: 6e10a5cd-e47b-4a32-a0bb-711617698365
dc.identifier.otherRIS: urn:475BCEFCB4511712375420941CDECBA0
dc.identifier.otherRIS: Singh2017
dc.identifier.otherScopus: 85036479908
dc.identifier.otherWOS: 000416399200001
dc.descriptionWe acknowledge seed grants from the Leverhulme Trust, Royal Society and UKIERI. Natural Environment Research Council Argon Isotope Facility grant IP-1267-1111 funded the argon analyses. A.S. was supported by a IIT-K PhD fellowship. J-P.B. receives funding from the European Research Council (ERC) under the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme ERC-2014-StG 639904 – RELOS.en
dc.description.abstractUrbanism in the Bronze-age Indus Civilisation (~4.6–3.9 thousand years before the present, ka) has been linked to water resources provided by large Himalayan river systems, although the largest concentrations of urban-scale Indus settlements are located far from extant Himalayan rivers. Here we analyse the sedimentary architecture, chronology and provenance of a major palaeochannel associated with many of these settlements. We show that the palaeochannel is a former course of the Sutlej River, the third largest of the present-day Himalayan rivers. Using optically stimulated luminescence dating of sand grains, we demonstrate that flow of the Sutlej in this course terminated considerably earlier than Indus occupation, with diversion to its present course complete shortly after ~8 ka. Indus urban settlements thus developed along an abandoned river valley rather than an active Himalayan river. Confinement of the Sutlej to its present incised course after ~8 ka likely reduced its propensity to re-route frequently thus enabling long-term stability for Indus settlements sited along the relict palaeochannel.
dc.relation.ispartofNature Communicationsen
dc.rights© The Author(s) 2017. Open Access This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, which permits use, sharing, adaptation, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made. The images or other third party material in this article are included in the article’s Creative Commons license, unless indicated otherwise in a credit line to the material. If material is not included in the article’s Creative Commons license and your intended use is not permitted by statutory regulation or exceeds the permitted use, you will need to obtain permission directly from the copyright holder. To view a copy of this license, visit
dc.subjectGE Environmental Sciencesen
dc.subjectQE Geologyen
dc.titleCounter-intuitive influence of Himalayan river morphodynamics on Indus Civilisation urban settlementsen
dc.typeJournal articleen
dc.description.versionPublisher PDFen
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of St Andrews. School of Earth & Environmental Sciencesen
dc.description.statusPeer revieweden

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