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dc.contributor.authorSpencer, Karen A.
dc.identifier.citationSpencer , K A 2017 , ' Developmental stress and social phenotypes : integrating neuroendocrine, behavioural and evolutionary perspectives ' , Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society. B, Biological Sciences , vol. 372 , 20160242 .
dc.identifier.otherPURE: 250419163
dc.identifier.otherPURE UUID: 18ff023f-21d0-40ed-a83f-2e75612621fb
dc.identifier.otherScopus: 85021843394
dc.identifier.otherWOS: 000404628900010
dc.identifier.otherORCID: /0000-0002-2851-9379/work/78204975
dc.description.abstractThe social world is filled with different types of interactions, and social experience interacts with stress on several different levels. Activation of the neuroendocrine axis that regulates the response to stress can have consequences for innumerable behavioural responses, including social decision-making and aspects of sociality, such as gregariousness and aggression. This is especially true for stress experienced during early life, when physiological systems are developing and highly sensitive to perturbation. Stress at this time can have persistent effects on social behaviours into adulthood. One important question remaining is to what extent these effects are adaptive. This paper initially reviews the current literature investigating the complex relationships between the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis and other neuroendocrine systems and several aspects of social behaviour in vertebrates. In addition, the review explores the evidence surrounding the potential for ‘social programming’ via differential development and activation of the HPA axis, providing an insight into the potential for positive effects on fitness following early life stress. Finally, the paper provides a framework from which novel investigations could work to fully understand the adaptive significance of early life effects on social behaviours.
dc.relation.ispartofPhilosophical Transactions of the Royal Society. B, Biological Sciencesen
dc.rights© 2017, the Author(s). This work has been made available online in accordance with the publisher’s policies. This is the author created, accepted version manuscript following peer review and may differ slightly from the final published version. The final published version of this work is available at
dc.subjectDevelopmental programmingen
dc.subjectEnvironmental matchingen
dc.subjectAffiliative behavioursen
dc.subjectBF Psychologyen
dc.titleDevelopmental stress and social phenotypes : integrating neuroendocrine, behavioural and evolutionary perspectivesen
dc.typeJournal articleen
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of St Andrews. School of Psychology and Neuroscienceen
dc.description.statusPeer revieweden

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