Formation mechanism of CaCO3 spherulites in myostracum layer of limpet sahells
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CaCO3 spherulites were found in the myostracum layer of common limpet shells collected from East Sands, St Andrews, Scotland. Their microstructures were revealed by using powder X- ray diffraction, scanning electron microscopy, high resolution transmission electron microscopy, and energy dispersive X-ray microanalysis. The formation mechanisms of these spherulites and their morphology evolution were postulated. It was proposed that spherical particles of an inorganic and biological composite formed first. In the centre of each spherical particle was developed a double-layer disk of vaterite crystal sandwiching a biological sheet. The disk crystal supplies a relatively strong mirror symmetric dipole filed, guiding the orientations of the nanocrystallites and the arrangement of mesorods, and therefore, determining the final morphology of the spherulite.
Wu , S , Chiang , C-Y & Zhou , W 2017 , ' Formation mechanism of CaCO 3 spherulites in myostracum layer of limpet sahells ' Crystals , vol 7 , no. 10 , 319 . DOI: 10.3390/cryst7100319
© 2017 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).
The authors would like to thank EPSRC for financial support on FEG-SEM equipment (EP/F019580/1) and FEI Scios dualbeam microscope (EP/L017008/01).
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