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dc.contributor.authorLambert, Megan L.
dc.contributor.authorSchiestl, Martina
dc.contributor.authorSchwing, Raoul
dc.contributor.authorTaylor, Alex H.
dc.contributor.authorGajdon, Gyula K.
dc.contributor.authorSlocombe, Katie E.
dc.contributor.authorSeed, Amanda M.
dc.identifier.citationLambert , M L , Schiestl , M , Schwing , R , Taylor , A H , Gajdon , G K , Slocombe , K E & Seed , A M 2017 , ' Function and flexibility of object exploration in kea and New Caledonian crows ' , Royal Society Open Science , vol. 4 , no. 9 , 170652 .
dc.identifier.otherPURE: 251377068
dc.identifier.otherPURE UUID: f995f405-2450-4b90-b4f7-f8439fce9bed
dc.identifier.otherScopus: 85030263987
dc.identifier.otherORCID: /0000-0002-3867-3003/work/60426868
dc.identifier.otherWOS: 000412168900041
dc.descriptionData collection with the New Caledonian crows was funded by an International Seedcorn Award from the University of York to M.L.L. This study was supported by a Rutherford Discovery Fellowship (A.H.T.). Our data are deposited at: [48].en
dc.description.abstractA range of non-human animals frequently manipulate and explore objects in their environment, which may enable them to learn about physical properties and potentially form more abstract concepts of properties such as weight and rigidity. Whether animals can apply the information learned during their exploration to solve novel problems, however, and whether they actually change their exploratory behavior to seek functional information about objects have not been fully explored. We allowed kea (Nestor notabilis) and New Caledonian crows (Corvus moneduloides) to explore sets of novel objects both before and after encountering a task in which some of the objects could function as tools. Following this, subjects were given test trials in which they could choose among the objects they had explored to solve a tool-use task. Several individuals from both species performed above chance on these test trials, and only did so after exploring the objects, compared with a control experiment with no prior exploration phase. These results suggest that selection of functional tools may be guided by information acquired during exploration. Neither kea nor crows changed the duration or quality of their exploration after learning that the objects had a functional relevance, suggesting that birds do not adjust their behavior to explicitly seek this information.
dc.relation.ispartofRoyal Society Open Scienceen
dc.rights© 2017 The Authors. Published by the Royal Society under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, provided the original author and source are credited.en
dc.subjectObject playen
dc.subjectObject propertiesen
dc.subjectTool useen
dc.subjectBF Psychologyen
dc.titleFunction and flexibility of object exploration in kea and New Caledonian crowsen
dc.typeJournal articleen
dc.description.versionPublisher PDFen
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of St Andrews.School of Psychology and Neuroscienceen
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of St Andrews.‘Living Links to Human Evolution’ Research Centreen
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of St Andrews.Institute of Behavioural and Neural Sciencesen
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of St Andrews.Centre for Social Learning & Cognitive Evolutionen
dc.description.statusPeer revieweden

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