Negative frequency at the horizon : scattering of light at a refractive index front
There are no files associated with this item.
MetadataShow full item record
This thesis considers the problem of calculating and observing the mixing of modes of positive and negative frequency in inhomogeneous, dispersive media. Scattering of vacuum modes of the electromagnetic field at a moving interface in the refractive index of a dielectric medium is discussed. Kinematics arguments are used to demonstrate that this interface may, in a regime of linear dispersion, act as the analogue of the event horizon of a black hole to modes of the field. Furthermore, a study of the dispersion of the dielectric shows that five distinct configurations of modes of the inhomogeneous medium at the interface exist as a function of frequency. Thus it is shown that the interface is simultaneously a black- and white-hole horizon-like and horizonless emitter. The role, and importance, of negative-frequency modes of the field in mode conversion at the horizon is established and yields a calculation of the spontaneous photonic flux at the interface. An algorithm to calculate the scattering of vacuum modes at the interface is introduced. Spectra of the photonic flux in the moving and laboratory frame, for all modes and all realisable increase in the refractive index at the interface are computed. As a result of the various mode configurations, the spectra are highly structured in intervals with black-hole, white-hole and no horizon. The spectra are dominated by a negative-frequency mode, which is the partner in any Hawking-type emission. An experiment in which an incoming positive-frequency wave is populated with photons is assembled to observe the transfer of energy to outgoing waves of positive and negative frequency at the horizon. The effect of mode conversion at the interface is clearly shown to be a feature of horizon physics. This is a classical version of the quantum experiment that aims at validating the mechanism of Hawking radiation.
Thesis, PhD Doctor of Philosophy
Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 Internationalhttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/
Embargo Date: 2021-08-29
Embargo Reason: Thesis restricted in accordance with University regulations. Print and electronic copy restricted until 29th August 2021
Except where otherwise noted within the work, this item's license for re-use is described as Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International
Items in the St Andrews Research Repository are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.
Showing items related by title, author, creator and subject.
Teaching quantum interpretations : revisiting the goals and practices of introductory quantum physics courses Baily, Charles; Finkelstein, Noah D. (2015-09-23) - Journal articleMost introductory quantum physics instructors would agree that transitioning students from classical to quantum thinking is an important learning goal, but may disagree on whether or how this can be accomplished. Although ...
Free space quantum key distribution over 500 meters using electrically driven quantum dot single-photon sources-a proof of principle experiment Rau, Markus; Heindel, Tobias; Unsleber, Sebastian; Braun, Tristan; Fischer, Julian; Frick, Stefan; Nauerth, Sebastian; Schneider, Christian; Vest, Gwenaelle; Reitzenstein, Stephan; Kamp, Martin; Forchel, Alfred; Hoefling, Sven; Weinfurter, Harald (2014-04-07) - Journal articleHighly efficient single-photon sources (SPS) can increase the secure key rate of quantum key distribution (QKD) systems compared to conventional attenuated laser systems. Here we report on a free space QKD test using an ...
Toward weak confinement regime in epitaxial nanostructures : interdependence of spatial character of quantum confinement and wave function extension in large and elongated quantum dots Musial, A.; Gold, P.; Andrzejewski, J.; Loeffler, A.; Misiewicz, J.; Hoefling, S.; Forchel, A.; Kamp, M.; Sek, G.; Reitzenstein, S. (2014-07-31) - Journal articleIn this paper we present a comprehensive and detailed analysis of carrier/exciton wave function extension in large low-strain In0.3Ga0.7As quantum dots (QDs). They exhibit rather shallow confinement potential with electron/hole ...