The ACER pollen and charcoal database : a global resource to document vegetation and fire response to abrupt climate changes during the last glacial period
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Quaternary records provide an opportunity to examine the nature of the vegetation and fire responses to rapid past climate changes comparable in velocity and magnitude to those expected in the 21st-century. The best documented examples of rapid climate change in the past are the warming events associated with the Dansgaard–Oeschger (D–O) cycles during the last glacial period, which were sufficiently large to have had a potential feedback through changes in albedo and greenhouse gas emissions on climate. Previous reconstructions of vegetation and fire changes during the D–O cycles used independently constructed age models, making it difficult to compare the changes between different sites and regions. Here, we present the ACER (Abrupt Climate Changes and Environmental Responses) global database, which includes 93 pollen records from the last glacial period (73–15 ka) with a temporal resolution better than 1000 years, 32 of which also provide charcoal records. A harmonized and consistent chronology based on radiometric dating (14C, 234U∕230Th, optically stimulated luminescence (OSL), 40Ar∕39Ar-dated tephra layers) has been constructed for 86 of these records, although in some cases additional information was derived using common control points based on event stratigraphy. The ACER database compiles metadata including geospatial and dating information, pollen and charcoal counts, and pollen percentages of the characteristic biomes and is archived in Microsoft AccessTM at https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.870867
Sánchez Goñi , M F , Desprat , S , Daniau , A-L , Bassinot , F C , Polanco-Martínez , J M , Harrison , S P , Allen , J R M , Anderson , R S , Behling , H , Bonnefille , R , Burjachs , F , Carrión , J S , Cheddadi , R , Clark , J S , Combourieu-Nebout , N , Courtney Mustaphi , C J , Debusk , G H , Dupont , L M , Finch , J M , Fletcher , W J , Giardini , M , González , C , Gosling , W D , Grigg , L D , Grimm , E C , Hayashi , R , Helmens , K , Heusser , L E , Hill , T , Hope , G , Huntley , B , Igarashi , Y , Irino , T , Jacobs , B , Jiménez-Moreno , G , Kawai , S , Kershaw , A P , Kumon , F , Lawson , I T , Ledru , M-P , Lézine , A-M , Liew , P M , Magri , D , Marchant , R , Margari , V , Mayle , F E , McKenzie , G M , Moss , P , Müller , S , Müller , U C , Naughton , F , Newnham , R M , Oba , T , Pérez-Obiol , R , Pini , R , Ravazzi , C , Roucoux , K H , Rucina , S M , Scott , L , Takahara , H , Tzedakis , P C , Urrego , D H , van Geel , B , Valencia , B G , Vandergoes , M J , Vincens , A , Whitlock , C L , Willard , D A & Yamamoto , M 2017 , ' The ACER pollen and charcoal database : a global resource to document vegetation and fire response to abrupt climate changes during the last glacial period ' Earth System Science Data , vol 9 , no. 2 , pp. 679-695 . DOI: 10.5194/essd-9-679-2017
Earth System Science Data
© Author(s) 2017. This work is distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.
The members of the ACER project wish to thank the QUEST-DESIRE (UK and France) bilateral project, the INQUA International Focus Group ACER and the INTIMATE-COST action for funding a suite of workshops to compile the ACER pollen and charcoal database and the workshop on ACER chronology that allow setting the basis for harmonizing the chronologies. Josué M. Polanco-Martinez was funded by a Basque Government postdoctoral fellowship (POS_2015_1_0006) and Sandy P. Harrison by the ERC Advanced Grant GC2.0: unlocking the past for a clearer future.
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