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dc.contributor.authorHolmes, Stephen R.
dc.identifier.citationHolmes , S R 2017 , ' Classical trinitarianism and eternal functional subordination : some historical and dogmatic reflections ' , Scottish Bulletin of Evangelical Theology , vol. 35 , no. 1 , pp. 90-104 .en
dc.identifier.otherPURE: 250099013
dc.identifier.otherPURE UUID: 79ec4e22-e03d-44e2-9dd2-7065be926b58
dc.identifier.otherORCID: /0000-0003-4222-8209/work/60887646
dc.description.abstractWithin Anglophone evangelical theology and church life there has been much debate in recent months over the idea of ‘eternal functional subordination’ (EFS) or ‘eternal relationships of authority and submission’ (ERAS). To ask whether EFS/ERAS are adequately trinitarian we must first define ‘trinitarian’. Following Barnes, I argue that the only possible definition is historical. To be ‘trinitarian’ is to hold to the doctrine developed in the fourth-century debates. By insisting on a strong distinction between the divine life in se and the economic acts of God, I rule out any appeal to, for instance, the pactum salutis in an attempt to defend EFS/ERAS. A consideration of the Father-Son relationship suggests two possible defences of such positions, one relying on finding an eternal analogue to the economic ordering of the divine acts, and the other pressing ‘Father-Son’ language to suggest that the relationship of eternal generation might entail something like EFS/ERAS. An examination of what must be said concerning the simple divine essence, however, excludes both these possibilities. I argue, therefore, that EFS, ERAS, or any similar doctrines are incompatible with classical trinitarianism.
dc.relation.ispartofScottish Bulletin of Evangelical Theologyen
dc.rights© 2017 Scottish Evangelical Theology Society and the Author. This work has been made available online with permission from the journal. This is the final published version of the work, which was originally published in the Scottish Bulletin of Evangelical Theology at
dc.subjectBT Doctrinal Theologyen
dc.titleClassical trinitarianism and eternal functional subordination : some historical and dogmatic reflectionsen
dc.typeJournal articleen
dc.description.versionPublisher PDFen
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of St Andrews. School of Divinityen
dc.description.statusPeer revieweden

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