Assessment of enzyme inhibition : a review with examples from the development of monoamine oxidase and cholinesterase inhibitory drugs
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The actions of many drugs involve enzyme inhibition. This is exemplified by the inhibitors of monoamine oxidases (MAO) and the cholinsterases (ChE) that have been used for several pharmacological purposes. This review describes key principles and approaches for the reliable determination of enzyme activities and inhibition as well as some of the methods that are in current use for such studies with these two enzymes. Their applicability and potential pitfalls arising from their inappropriate use are discussed. Since inhibitor potency is frequently assessed in terms of the quantity necessary to give 50% inhibition (the IC50 value), the relationships between this and the mode of inhibition is also considered, in terms of the misleading information that it may provide. Incorporation of more than one functionality into the same molecule to give a multi-target-directed ligands (MTDLs) requires careful assessment to ensure that the specific target effects are not significantly altered and that the kinetic behavior remains as favourable with the MTDL as it does with the individual components. Such factors will be considered in terms of recently developed MTDLs that combine MAO and ChE inhibitory functions.
Ramsay , R R & Tipton , K F 2017 , ' Assessment of enzyme inhibition : a review with examples from the development of monoamine oxidase and cholinesterase inhibitory drugs ' Molecules , vol 22 , no. 7 , 1192 . DOI: 10.3390/molecules22071192
© 2017 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).
Both authors are grateful for the collaborations on multi-target drugs facilitated by COST Action CM1103 (2011-2015).
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