Tacrine-allyl/propargylcysteine-benzothiazole trihybrids as potential anti-Alzheimer's drug candidates
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On continuing our research on new drug candidates for Alzheimer's disease (AD), we have designed, synthesized and evaluated a series of multifunctional trihybrid agents. The design strategy was based on the incorporation of a benzothiazole (BTA) moiety on a series of very recently reported bihybrids, resulting from the conjugation of a tacrine (TAC) with natural based moieties, namely S-allylcysteine (SAC) (garlic constituent) and S-propargylcysteine (SPRC). Thus, in addition to the acetylcholinesterase inhibition (AChEI) and anti-ROS capacity of the bihybrids (TAC-SAC/SPRC), the new trihybrids (TAC-SAC/SPRC-BTA) were endowed with 5-fold capacity for inhibition of the amyloid beta-peptide (Aβ) aggregation. The BTA moiety led also to considerable enhancement of the AChEI on the trihybrids, which molecular modeling suggested to be due to the simultaneous binding to the catalytic active site and peripheral anionic site of AChE. The trihybrids were also assessed for the MAO inhibition, but resulted in lower activity than expected, ascribed to the low accessibility of the propargyl groups to the enzyme active site. Finally, the effects of the compounds on the viability of neuroblastome cells stressedwith Aβ42 and H2O2 showed moderate cell protection. Overall, the performed studies illustrate the importance (and limitations) of enclosing several molecular scaffolds in one molecular entity to allow the modulation of multiple AD targets.
Hiremathad , A , Chand , K , Esteves , A R , Cardoso , S M , Ramsay , R R , Chaves , S , Keri , R S & Santos , M A 2016 , ' Tacrine-allyl/propargylcysteine-benzothiazole trihybrids as potential anti-Alzheimer's drug candidates ' , RSC Advances , vol. 6 , no. 58 , pp. 53519-53532 . https://doi.org/10.1039/c6ra03455a
© 2016, The Royal Society of Chemistry. This work is made available online in accordance with the publisher’s policies. This is the author created, accepted version manuscript following peer review and may differ slightly from the final published version. The final published version of this work is available at pubs.rsc.org / https://dx.doi.org/10.1039/C6RA03455A
DescriptionThe authors acknowledge the Portuguese Fundação para a Ciência e Tecnologia (FCT) for the project UID/QUI/00100/2013, postdoctoral fellowships (RSK and KC). We also thank the doctoral fellowship from Erasmus Namaste program (AH).
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