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dc.contributor.authorBrown, Ross Crawford
dc.contributor.authorMason, Colin
dc.identifier.citationBrown , R C & Mason , C 2017 , ' Looking inside the spiky bits : a critical review and conceptualisation of entrepreneurial ecosystems ' , Small Business Economics , vol. 49 , no. 1 , pp. 11-30 .
dc.identifier.otherPURE: 249397677
dc.identifier.otherPURE UUID: 7c60b98b-a4b9-4bac-8565-4e4aa75abeb7
dc.identifier.otherScopus: 85018455879
dc.identifier.otherWOS: 000405395600002
dc.identifier.otherORCID: /0000-0002-6164-7639/work/82179640
dc.descriptionThe authors wish to thank the Organisational for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) for funding their original research on entrepreneurial ecosystems.en
dc.description.abstractThe concept of entrepreneurial ecosystems has quickly established itself as one of the latest ‘fads’ in entrepreneurship research. At face value, this kind of systemic approach to entrepreneurship offers a new and distinctive path for scholars and policy makers to help understand and foster growth-oriented entrepreneurship. However, its lack of specification and conceptual limitations has undoubtedly hindered our understanding of these complex organisms. Indeed, the rapid adoption of the concept has tended to overlook the heterogeneous nature of ecosystems. This paper provides a critical review and conceptualisation of the ecosystems concept: it unpacks the dynamics of the concept; outlines its theoretical limitations; measurement approaches and use in policy-making. It sets out a preliminary taxonomy of different archetypal ecosystems. The paper concludes that entrepreneurial ecosystems are a highly variegated, multi-actor and multi-scalar phenomenon, requiring bespoke policy interventions.
dc.relation.ispartofSmall Business Economicsen
dc.rights© The Author(s) 2017. This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made.en
dc.subjectHigh growthen
dc.subjectEntrepreneurial ecosystemsen
dc.subjectEntrepreneurship policyen
dc.subjectHD28 Management. Industrial Managementen
dc.titleLooking inside the spiky bits : a critical review and conceptualisation of entrepreneurial ecosystemsen
dc.typeJournal articleen
dc.description.versionPublisher PDFen
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of St Andrews. Centre for the Study of Philanthropy & Public Gooden
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of St Andrews. Centre for Responsible Banking and Financeen
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of St Andrews. School of Managementen
dc.description.statusPeer revieweden

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