Hypervigilance to rejecting stimuli in high rejection sensitive individuals : behavioral and neurocognitive evidence
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Individuals who are high in rejection sensitivity are vigilant toward social cues that signal rejection, and they exhibit attention biases towards information that confirms expectations of rejection. Little is known, however, about the neural correlates of rejection sensitivity. The present study examined whether rejection sensitivity is associated with individuals’ neural responses to rejection-relevant information. Female participants, classified as high or average in rejection sensitivity, completed a modified dot-probe task in which a neutral face was paired with either another neutral face or a gaze-averted (“rejecting”) face while EEG was collected and ERP components were computed. Behavioral results indicated that average rejection sensitive participants showed an attention bias away from rejecting faces, while high rejection sensitive participants were equally vigilant to neutral and rejecting faces. High rejection sensitivity was associated with ERP components signaling elevated attention and arousal to faces. These findings suggest that rejection sensitivity shapes behavioral and neurocognitive responses to faces.
Ehrlich , K , Gerson , S , Vanderwert , R , Cannon , E & Fox , N 2015 , ' Hypervigilance to rejecting stimuli in high rejection sensitive individuals : behavioral and neurocognitive evidence ' Personality and Individual Differences , vol 85 , pp. 7-12 . DOI: 10.1016/j.paid.2015.04.023
Personality and Individual Differences
Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. This work is made available online in accordance with the publisher’s policies. This is the author created, accepted version manuscript following peer review and may differ slightly from the final published version. The final published version of this work is available at http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.paid.2015.04.023
This research was supported by a grant from the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (HD17899) and a NARSAD Distinguished Investigator Award to Nathan A. Fox and by DA027365 and HD076563 to Katherine B. Ehrlich. Date of acceptance: 10/04/2015
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