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dc.contributor.authorMaclean, Ilya M. D.
dc.contributor.authorInger, Richard
dc.contributor.authorBenson, David
dc.contributor.authorBooth, Cormac G.
dc.contributor.authorEmbling, Clare B.
dc.contributor.authorGrecian, W. James
dc.contributor.authorHeymans, Johanna J.
dc.contributor.authorPlummer, Kate E.
dc.contributor.authorShackshaft, Michael
dc.contributor.authorSparling, Carol E.
dc.contributor.authorWilson, Ben
dc.contributor.authorWright, Lucy J.
dc.contributor.authorBradbury, Gareth
dc.contributor.authorChristen, Nadja
dc.contributor.authorGodley, Brendan J.
dc.contributor.authorJackson, Angus C.
dc.contributor.authorMcCluskie, Aly
dc.contributor.authorNicholls-Lee, Rachel
dc.contributor.authorBearhop, Stuart
dc.identifier.citationMaclean , I M D , Inger , R , Benson , D , Booth , C G , Embling , C B , Grecian , W J , Heymans , J J , Plummer , K E , Shackshaft , M , Sparling , C E , Wilson , B , Wright , L J , Bradbury , G , Christen , N , Godley , B J , Jackson , A C , McCluskie , A , Nicholls-Lee , R & Bearhop , S 2014 , ' Resolving issues with environmental impact assessment of marine renewable energy installations ' Frontiers in Marine Science , vol. 1 , 75 .
dc.identifier.otherPURE: 249954716
dc.identifier.otherPURE UUID: dcc0d147-a3ad-4f6c-a43f-e2d357fcab11
dc.identifier.otherScopus: 85008645135
dc.identifier.otherORCID: /0000-0002-6428-719X/work/32706781
dc.description.abstractGrowing concerns about climate change and energy security have fueled a rapid increase in the development of marine renewable energy installations (MREIs). The potential ecological consequences of increased use of these devices emphasizes the need for high quality environmental impact assessment (EIA). We demonstrate that these processes are hampered severely, primarily because ambiguities in the legislation and lack of clear implementation guidance are such that they do not ensure robust assessment of the significance of impacts and cumulative effects. We highlight why the regulatory framework leads to conceptual ambiguities and propose changes which, for the most part, do not require major adjustments to standard practice. We emphasize the importance of determining the degree of confidence in impacts to permit the likelihood as well as magnitude of impacts to be quantified and propose ways in which assessment of population-level impacts could be incorporated into the EIA process. Overall, however, we argue that, instead of trying to ascertain which particular developments are responsible for tipping an already heavily degraded marine environment into an undesirable state, emphasis should be placed on better strategic assessment.en
dc.relation.ispartofFrontiers in Marine Scienceen
dc.rights© 2014 Maclean, Inger, Benson, Booth, Embling, Grecian, Heymans, Plummer, Shackshaft, Sparling, Wilson, Wright, Bradbury, Christen, Godley, Jackson, McCluskie, Nicholls-Lee and Bearhop. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY). The use, distribution or reproduction in other forums is permitted, provided the original author(s) or licensor are credited and that the original publication in this journal is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice. No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms.en
dc.subjectEcological impact assessmenten
dc.subjectEnvironmental impactsen
dc.subjectMarine biodiversityen
dc.subjectMarine protected areasen
dc.subjectOffshore winden
dc.subjectUnited Kingdomen
dc.subjectWind farmen
dc.subjectWind poweren
dc.subjectQH301 Biologyen
dc.subjectGC Oceanographyen
dc.subjectGlobal and Planetary Changeen
dc.subjectWater Science and Technologyen
dc.subjectOcean Engineeringen
dc.subjectAquatic Scienceen
dc.titleResolving issues with environmental impact assessment of marine renewable energy installationsen
dc.typeJournal articleen
dc.description.versionPublisher PDFen
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of St Andrews. SMRU Consultingen
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of St Andrews. School of Biologyen
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of St Andrews. Sea Mammal Research Uniten
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of St Andrews. Scottish Oceans Instituteen
dc.description.statusPeer revieweden

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