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dc.contributor.authorJiang, Cairong
dc.contributor.authorMa, Jianjun
dc.contributor.authorArenillas, Ana
dc.contributor.authorBonaccorso, A. Damiano
dc.contributor.authorIrvine, John T. S.
dc.identifier.citationJiang , C , Ma , J , Arenillas , A , Bonaccorso , A D & Irvine , J T S 2016 , ' Comparative study of durability of hybrid direct carbon fuel cells with anthracite coal and bituminous coal ' , International Journal of Hydrogen Energy , vol. 41 , no. 41 , pp. 18797-18806 .
dc.identifier.otherPURE: 242456790
dc.identifier.otherPURE UUID: 8c8985fd-78ec-4636-a6a6-d6447bdce649
dc.identifier.otherRIS: urn:0DB2246719DF8CB6D0EE61C38CDA0B6B
dc.identifier.otherScopus: 84994204455
dc.identifier.otherWOS: 000385598300050
dc.identifier.otherORCID: /0000-0002-8394-3359/work/68280808
dc.descriptionThe author would like to acknowledge the funding support of “Efficient Conversion of Coal to Electricity-Direct Coal Fuel Cell” with the grant number “RFCR-CT-2011-00004” from the Research Fund for Coal & Steel of the European commission. CJ acknowledges the Royal Society of Edinburgh for a RSE BP Hutton Prize in Energy Innovation.en
dc.description.abstractDirect carbon fuel cells offer the opportunity of generating energy from coal at high efficiency as an alternative to the procedure of conventional power plants. In this study, raw anthracite coal and raw bituminous coal were investigated in a hybrid direct carbon fuel cell (HDCFC), which was a combination of a solid oxide fuel cell and a molten carbonate fuel cell. Mechanical mixing was confirmed to be an efficient method of mixing coal with carbonate. The coal samples had different properties, for example, carbon content, hydrogen content, volatile matter and impurities. The results showed that the maximum power density obtained by the cell with anthracite coal was similar to that obtained by the cell with bituminous coal. It was found that the total power output from coal in HDCFCs mostly depended on the carbon content, while volatile matter, hydrogen content, moisture, etc. had an effect on the short-term durability. HDCFCs were kept operating for more than 120 h with 1.6 g coal. This study demonstrates that energy can be generated efficiently by employing anthracite and bituminous coal in hybrid direct carbon fuel cells.
dc.relation.ispartofInternational Journal of Hydrogen Energyen
dc.rights© 2016 Hydrogen Energy Publications LLC. Published by Elsevier Ltd. This work has been made available online in accordance with the publisher’s policies. This is the author created, accepted version manuscript following peer review and may differ slightly from the final published version. The final published version of this work is available at:
dc.subjectDirect carbon fuel cellsen
dc.subjectAnthracite coalen
dc.subjectBituminous coalen
dc.subjectMaximum power densityen
dc.subjectQD Chemistryen
dc.titleComparative study of durability of hybrid direct carbon fuel cells with anthracite coal and bituminous coalen
dc.typeJournal articleen
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of St Andrews.School of Chemistryen
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of St Andrews.EaSTCHEMen
dc.description.statusPeer revieweden

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