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dc.contributor.authorAlderson, Helen Louise
dc.contributor.authorLatimer, Mary P.
dc.contributor.authorWinn, Philip
dc.identifier.citationAlderson , H L , Latimer , M P & Winn , P 2008 , ' A functional dissociation of the anterior and posterior pedunculopontine tegmental nucleus : excitotoxic lesions have differential effects on locomotion and the response to nicotine ' , Brain Structure and Function , vol. 213 , no. 1-2 , pp. 247-253 .
dc.identifier.otherPURE: 604740
dc.identifier.otherPURE UUID: f0a50296-6c4d-48c1-ae40-0e3c8670e9a6
dc.identifier.otherWOS: 000258653900020
dc.identifier.otherScopus: 50249116129
dc.description.abstractExcitotoxic lesions of posterior, but not anterior pedunculopontine tegmental nucleus (PPTg) change nicotine self-administration, consistent with the belief that the anterior PPTg (aPPTg) projects to substantia nigra pars compacta (SNC) and posterior PPTg (pPPTg) to the ventral tegmental area (VTA). The VTA is a likely site both of nicotine's reinforcing effect as well as its actions on locomotion. We hypothesized that pPPTg, but not aPPTg lesions, would alter locomotion in response to repeated nicotine administration by virtue of the fact that pPPTg appears to be more closely related to the VTA than is the aPPTg. Following excitotoxic lesions of aPPTg or pPPTg, rats were habituated to experimental procedures. Repeated (seven of each) nicotine (0.4 mg/kg) and saline injections were given following an on-off procedure. Measurement of spontaneous locomotion during habituation showed that aPPTg but not pPPTg lesioned rats were hypoactive relative to controls. Following nicotine, control rats showed locomotor depression for the first 2 days of treatment followed by enhanced locomotion relative to activity following saline treatment. Rats with aPPTg lesions showed a similar pattern, but the pPPTg lesioned rats showed no locomotor depression following nicotine treatment. These data confirm the role of the pPPTg in nicotine's behavioural effects-including the development of sensitization-and demonstrate for the first time that excitotoxic lesions of the aPPTg but not pPPTg generate a deficit in baseline activity. The finding that anterior but not posterior PPTg affects motor activity has significance for developing therapeutic strategies for Parkinsonism using deep brain stimulation aimed here.
dc.relation.ispartofBrain Structure and Functionen
dc.rights(c)2008 The authors. This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Noncommercial License which permits any noncommercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author(s) and source are credited.en
dc.subjectDeep brain stimulationen
dc.subjectSubstantia nigraen
dc.subjectVentral tegmental areaen
dc.subjectCholinergic neuronsen
dc.subjectStimulant actionen
dc.subjectAxon terminalsen
dc.subjectTolerant ratsen
dc.subjectRC0321 Neuroscience. Biological psychiatry. Neuropsychiatryen
dc.titleA functional dissociation of the anterior and posterior pedunculopontine tegmental nucleus : excitotoxic lesions have differential effects on locomotion and the response to nicotineen
dc.typeJournal articleen
dc.description.versionPublisher PDFen
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of St Andrews.School of Psychology and Neuroscienceen
dc.description.statusPeer revieweden

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