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dc.contributor.authorAguilar de Soto, Natacha
dc.contributor.authorMartín, Vidal
dc.contributor.authorSilva, Monica
dc.contributor.authorEdler, Roland
dc.contributor.authorReyes, Cristel
dc.contributor.authorCarrillo, Manuel
dc.contributor.authorSchiavi, Agustina
dc.contributor.authorMorales, Talia
dc.contributor.authorGarcía-Ovide, Belen
dc.contributor.authorSanchez-Mora, Anna
dc.contributor.authorGarcia-Tavero, Nerea
dc.contributor.authorSteiner, Lisa
dc.contributor.authorScheer, Michael
dc.contributor.authorGockel, Roland
dc.contributor.authorWalker, Dylan
dc.contributor.authorVilla, Enrico
dc.contributor.authorSzlama, Petra
dc.contributor.authorEriksson, Ida K.
dc.contributor.authorTejedor, Marisa
dc.contributor.authorPerez-Gil, Monica
dc.contributor.authorQuaresma, João
dc.contributor.authorBachara, Wojtek
dc.contributor.authorCarroll, Emma
dc.identifier.citationAguilar de Soto , N , Martín , V , Silva , M , Edler , R , Reyes , C , Carrillo , M , Schiavi , A , Morales , T , García-Ovide , B , Sanchez-Mora , A , Garcia-Tavero , N , Steiner , L , Scheer , M , Gockel , R , Walker , D , Villa , E , Szlama , P , Eriksson , I K , Tejedor , M , Perez-Gil , M , Quaresma , J , Bachara , W & Carroll , E 2017 , ' True’s beaked whale ( Mesoplodon mirus ) in Macaronesia ' , PeerJ , vol. 5 , e3059 .
dc.identifier.otherPURE: 249252367
dc.identifier.otherPURE UUID: 950131ed-b8c7-4a61-baaa-86e431aa50de
dc.identifier.otherRIS: urn:0FC024C9273257219936361CC0084107
dc.identifier.otherRIS: urn:0FC024C9273257219936361CC0084107
dc.identifier.otherScopus: 85014670893
dc.identifier.otherPubMed: 28286714
dc.identifier.otherWOS: 000396904400005
dc.description.abstractThe True’s beaked whale (Mesoplodon mirus, True 1913) is a poorly known member of the Ziphiidae family. Its distribution in the northern hemisphere is thought to be restricted to the temperate or warm temperate waters of the North Atlantic, while a few stranding records from the southern hemisphere suggest a wider and antitropical distribution, extending to waters from the Atlantic coast of Brazil to South Africa, Mozambique, Australia and the Tasman Sea coast of New Zealand. This paper (i) reports the first molecular confirmation of the occurrence of the True’s beaked whale at the southern limit of its distribution recorded in the northeast Atlantic: the Azores and Canary Islands (macaronesian ecoregion); (ii) describes a new colouration for this species using evidence from a whale with molecular species confirmation; and (iii) contributes to the sparse worldwide database of live sightings, including the first underwater video recording of this species and close images of a calf. Species identification was confirmed in two cases using mitochondrial DNA control region and cytochrome b gene markers: a subadult male True’s beaked whale that stranded in El Hierro, Canary Islands, in November 2012, and a subadult male found floating dead near Faial, the Azores, in July 2004. The whale that stranded in the Canary Islands had a clearly delimited white area on its head, extending posteriorly from the tip of the beak to cover the blowhole dorsally and the gular grooves ventrally. This colouration contrasts with previous descriptions for the species and it may be rare, but it exemplifies the variability of the colouration of True’s beaked whales in the North Atlantic, further confirmed here by live sightings data. The recording of several observations of this species in deep but relatively coastal waters off the Azores and the Canary Islands suggests that these archipelagos may be unique locations to study the behaviour of the enigmatic True’s beaked whale.
dc.rightsCopyright © 2017 Aguilar de Soto et al. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, reproduction and adaptation in any medium and for any purpose provided that it is properly attributed. For attribution, the original author(s), title, publication source (PeerJ) and either DOI or URL of the article must be cited.en
dc.subjectCytochrome ben
dc.subjectColouration patternsen
dc.subjectNorth Atlanticen
dc.subjectCetacean distributionen
dc.subjectCanary Islandsen
dc.subjectGC Oceanographyen
dc.subjectQH301 Biologyen
dc.subjectQL Zoologyen
dc.titleTrue’s beaked whale (Mesoplodon mirus) in Macaronesiaen
dc.typeJournal articleen
dc.description.versionPublisher PDFen
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of St Andrews.School of Biologyen
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of St Andrews.Centre for Research into Ecological & Environmental Modellingen
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of St Andrews.Sea Mammal Research Uniten
dc.description.statusPeer revieweden

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