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dc.contributor.authorVoelter, Christoph
dc.contributor.authorStrobach, Tilo
dc.contributor.authorAichert, Désirée S.
dc.contributor.authorWöstmann, Nicola
dc.contributor.authorCosta, Anna
dc.contributor.authorMöller, Hans-Jürgen
dc.contributor.authorSchubert, Torsten
dc.contributor.authorEttinger, Ulrich
dc.identifier.citationVoelter , C , Strobach , T , Aichert , D S , Wöstmann , N , Costa , A , Möller , H-J , Schubert , T & Ettinger , U 2012 , ' Schizotypy and behavioural adjustment and the role of neuroticism ' , PLoS One , vol. 7 , no. 2 , 30078 .
dc.descriptionThis work was funded by the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (ET 31/2-1) (
dc.description.abstractObjective: In the present study the relationship between behavioural adjustment following cognitive conflict and schizotypy was investigated using a Stroop colour naming paradigm. Previous research has found deficits with behavioural adjustment in schizophrenia patients. Based on these findings, we hypothesized that individual differences in schizotypy, a personality trait reflecting the subclinical expression of the schizophrenia phenotype, would be associated with behavioural adjustment. Additionally, we investigated whether such a relationship would be explained by individual differences in neuroticism, a non-specific measure of negative trait emotionality known to be correlated with schizotypy. Methods: 106 healthy volunteers (mean age: 25.1, 60% females) took part. Post-conflict adjustment was measured in a computer-based version of the Stroop paradigm. Schizotypy was assessed using the Schizotypal Personality Questionnaire (SPQ) and Neuroticism using the NEO-FFI. Results: We found a negative correlation between schizotypy and post-conflict adjustment (r = −.30, p<.01); this relationship remained significant when controlling for effects of neuroticism. Regression analysis revealed that particularly the subscale No Close Friends drove the effect. Conclusion: Previous findings of deficits in cognitive control in schizophrenia patients were extended to the subclinical personality expression of the schizophrenia phenotype and found to be specific to schizotypal traits over and above the effects of negative emotionality.
dc.relation.ispartofPLoS Oneen
dc.subjectBF Psychologyen
dc.titleSchizotypy and behavioural adjustment and the role of neuroticismen
dc.typeJournal articleen
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of St Andrews. School of Psychology and Neuroscienceen
dc.description.statusPeer revieweden

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