Studies of current collection configurations and sealing for tubular hybrid-DCFC
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Direct Carbon Fuel Cells (DCFC) offer efficient conversion of coal or biomass derived carbons to electricity. A Hybrid Direct Carbon Fuel Cell (HDCFC) is a type of DCFCs that combines solid oxide cell geometry with a molten carbonate fuel cell electrode. This study focused on investigating different current collection configurations and sealant for tubular HDCFC concept. A HDCFC used a gadolinia doped ceria (GDC) or a YSZ as the electrolyte, in composites with NiO and LSM as the anode and the cathode, respectively. Three different current collection configurations of HDCFC were investigated by AC impedance in order to study the electrochemical phenomena that occur at the electrodes surface. The AC impedance results showed that both the surface area and the position of the current collector inside of the anode chamber affect drastically both the series resistance (Rs) and the polarisation resistance (Rp) values. The lowest total resistance (Rtot) was achieved on Configuration b with silver wire interwoven nickel mesh attached to the side of the anode wall by silver paste (Rtot = 2.98 Ω) and while the highest Rtot was achieved on the configuration c with silver wire interwoven nickel mesh inserted into the mixture of carbon and carbonate (Rtot = 149 Ω). The leak test carried out on several sealants demonstrated that composite sealants of Toku P-24 paste and an alumina silicate disc produced a low degree of leaks due to both the high resistance to the carbonate mixture and high density sealing after curing compared to the ceramabond.
Bonaccorso , A D , Jiang , C , Ma , J & Irvine , J T S 2016 , ' Studies of current collection configurations and sealing for tubular hybrid-DCFC ' International Journal of Hydrogen Energy , vol. 41 , no. 41 , pp. 18788-18796 . https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijhydene.2016.01.115
International Journal of Hydrogen Energy
Copyright © 2016 Hydrogen Energy Publications, LLC. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. This work is made available online in accordance with the publisher’s policies. This is the author created, accepted version manuscript following peer review and may differ slightly from the final published version. The final published version of this work is available at https://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijhydene.2016.01.115
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