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dc.contributor.authorFodarella, Cristina
dc.contributor.authorBrown, Charity
dc.contributor.authorLewis, Amy
dc.contributor.authorFrowd, Charlie D.
dc.identifier.citationFodarella , C , Brown , C , Lewis , A & Frowd , C D 2015 , ' Cross-age effects on forensic face construction ' , Frontiers in Psychology , vol. 6 , 1237 .
dc.identifier.otherPURE: 249063537
dc.identifier.otherPURE UUID: bb9952ca-e336-4b12-8caa-09328b3e5bc5
dc.identifier.otherWOS: 000360022200001
dc.identifier.otherORCID: /0000-0001-8616-2411/work/30305199
dc.identifier.otherWOS: 000360022200001
dc.identifier.otherScopus: 85034984420
dc.descriptionThis work was supported in part by an award from the UK Economic and Social Research Council (RES-000-22-4150) to Dr Charity Brown and Dr Charlie Frowden
dc.description.abstractThe own-age bias (OAB) refers to recognition memory being more accurate for people of our own age than other age groups (e.g., Wright and Stroud, 2002). This paper investigated whether the OAB effect is present during construction of human faces (also known as facial composites, often for forensic/police use). In doing so, it adds to our understanding of factors influencing both facial memory across the life span as well as performance of facial composites. Participant-witnesses were grouped into younger (19-35 years) and older (51-80 years) adults, and constructed a single composite from memory of an own- or cross-age target face using the feature-based composite system PRO-fit. They also completed the shortened version of the glasgow face matching test (GFMT; Burton et al., 2010). A separate group of participants who were familiar with the relevant identities attempted to name the resulting composites. Correct naming of the composites revealed the presence of an OAB for older adults, who constructed moreidentifiable composites of own-age than cross-age faces. For younger adults, age of target face did not influence correct naming and their composites were named at the same level as those constructed by older adults for younger targets. Also, there was no reliable correlation between face perception ability and composite quality. Overall, correct naming was fairly good across the experiment, and indicated benefit for older witnesses for older targets. Results are discussed in terms of contemporary theories of OAB, and implications of the work for forensic practice.
dc.relation.ispartofFrontiers in Psychologyen
dc.rights© 2015 Fodarella, Brown, Lewis and Frowd. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY). The use, distribution or reproduction in other forums is permitted, provided the original author(s) or licensor are credited and that the original publication in this journal is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice. No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms.en
dc.subjectOwn-age biasen
dc.subjectFace perceptionen
dc.subjectFacial memoryen
dc.subjectFacial compositesen
dc.subjectGlasgow face matching testen
dc.subjectBF Psychologyen
dc.titleCross-age effects on forensic face constructionen
dc.typeJournal articleen
dc.description.versionPublisher PDFen
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of St Andrews. School of Psychology and Neuroscienceen
dc.description.statusPeer revieweden

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