Inference of heating properties from "hot" non-flaring plasmas in active region cores. II. Nanoflare trains
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Despite its prediction over two decades ago, the detection of faint, high-temperature ("hot") emission due to nanoflare heating in non-flaring active region cores has proved challenging. Using an efficient two-fluid hydrodynamic model, this paper investigates the properties of the emission expected from repeating nanoflares (a nanoflare train) of varying frequency as well as the separate heating of electrons and ions. If the emission measure distribution (EM(T)) peaks at T = Tm, we find that EM(Tm) is independent of details of the nanoflare train, and EM(T) above and below Tm reflects different aspects of the heating. Below Tm, the main influence is the relationship of the waiting time between successive nanoflares to the nanoflare energy. Above Tm, power-law nanoflare distributions lead to an extensive plasma population not present in a mono-energetic train. Furthermore, in some cases, characteristic features are present in EM(T). Such details may be detectable given adequate spectral resolution and a good knowledge of the relevant atomic physics. In the absence of such resolution we propose some metrics that can be used to infer the presence of "hot" plasma.
Barnes , W T , Cargill , P J & Bradshaw , S J 2016 , ' Inference of heating properties from "hot" non-flaring plasmas in active region cores. II. Nanoflare trains ' Astrophysical Journal , vol 833 , no. 2 , 217 . DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/833/2/217
© 2016. The American Astronomical Society. All rights reserved. . This work is made available online in accordance with the publisher’s policies. This is the final published version of the work, which was originally published at: https://dx.doi.org/10.3847/1538-4357/833/2/217
DescriptionThis work was supported in part by the Big-Data Private-Cloud Research Cyberinfrastructure MRI-award funded by NSF under grant CNS-1338099 and by Rice University.
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